Opposing Wars Should Be Public Mutual Intention
In modern society, the topic of wars has always been a hot debate in China. In the recent thirty years, more and more areas have been tied closely to the Second Sino-Japanese War: There are documentaries which aimed at re-built realistic and horrible war scenes such as The War of Resistance; there are TV shows that introduced us these brave patriotic heroes such as Voice; there are also movies that depicts the seriousness of this inhuman war such as 1942. Also, according to the statistics from Wikipedia, the largest and most popular multilingual online encyclopedia, thirteen new TV series related this aggressive war initiated by Japan 80 years ago stepped into Chinese public eyesight in 2019. This phenomenon undoubtedly attracts public attention. However, behind this phenomenon are sufferings of millions of Chinese citizens, deaths of numerous innocent soldiers, and unimaginable sadness of a large number of families. As a result, all individuals and governments should oppose wars and question the rationality of its existence because it not only destroys people’s mental health and costs innocent deaths, but also disrupts the social and economic development of nations.
Firstly, wars can put all its related countries into social crisis and lead to huge losses in their comprehensive national power (CNP). Based on the factual report on Wikipedia, during the process of the Second Sino-Japanese war, Chinese direct property loss has exceeded 383 billion US dollars, including 2468 damaged Chinese airplanes and seventy-four broken warships. However, there are scarier numbers brought by this war: Over fifty million Chinese citizens lost their lives during this dark fourteen years. According to Wang Wei’s essay in Zhihu, one of the biggest knowledge sharing and online communicating platform in China, Japan also experienced huge losses because of initiating this aggressive war: This country is not only forced to give out over 2.23 billion US dollars to fourteen countries as reparations and give up its right to build armies, but also lost over forty thousand foreign factories. Besides, Japan also encountered a large number of casualties: over 480 thousand soldiers are dead and 1.9 million of its army get injured. This is not the only war that exerts such a huge negative influence to involved countries. According to information from Wikipedia, during the Vietnam War, all involved countries — including Vietnam, The US, Soviet, China, South Korea, Australia, Thailand, and Laos — encountered quite a few casualties. Among these countries, the US and Vietnam suffered most by commanding the most soldiers to the battle ground. On the one hand, this war cost the US, which sent over 650 thousand soldiers to support the South Vietnam, fifty-eight thousand deaths, thirty thousand injured individuals, and 2500 missing people accompanying over 250 billion US dollars. On the other hand, this war also made Vietnam pay their price: Over 1.6 million Vietnam people died during this war and over ten million people from Indochina became refugees. Reading these incredibly terrifying numbers, we can easily summarize that a war will hurt both the conflicting countries deeply and thoroughly: It will stop countries from developing themselves, lead to innumerable deaths and injuries, and lower their citizens’ living standards.
At the same time, wars can bring individuals serious psychological problems. According to the article “Mental health consequences of war: a brief review of research findings,” its study conducted in Afghanistan shows that due to the continuous and endless war, 67.7% of these local adult respondents who had gone through wars had the symptoms of depression, 72.2% of them were found having the symptoms of anxiety, 62% of them had seen over four trauma events during the last ten years, and 42% of these war survivors suffered from PTSD. Another similar ten-year study investigated in Cambodia after the end of its civil war was also explained by these two authors: Among the 993 adult refugee interviewees, over eighty percent of respondents admitted that they felt depressed, and fifteen percent of them were discovered having PTSD symptoms (Srinivasa & Lakshiminarayana). This topic also reminds me of my great-grandma. Although she was eighty years older than me, we had a close relationship since I was three. It is one noon of a normal school day. As I stepped into our house, she was sitting on a chair with the TV on. It was broadcasting a TV series with the topic of the Second Sino-Japanese War. I saw the main character re-uniting with his family after a thorough victory and tears inside my great-grandma’s eyes. “They have never been in a war.” She sighed, spoke slowly with her local accent, and walked back to her own room. Soon after that day, I knew that this kind women who always smiled while playing toy dinosaurs with me had a rough life when she was young. Because of the war between China and Japan, she witnessed several neighbors’ deaths as a teenager; because of the war between the Communist Party and Kuomintang, her husband had to move southward and never came back. “A war is something separate your family and take away your food.” My grandpa told me this sentence after seeing my shocked expression while hearing this story. Remembering that my great-grandma often suffered from the upset emotion wars had brought to herand knowing that there is a huge portion of war survivors going through this type of emotions in this world, I cannot think of any other impacts of a war except for negatively influencing people’s mental health.
Since wars have no benefits and only produce negative effect on people and human society, it is meaningful for all governments to adopt the correct methods to avoid causing wars. First and foremost, due to the occurrence of the Second Sino-Japanese War, we can summarize that trying to steal other countries’ resources can be a reason why wars happen. Therefore, governments are supposed to aim at promoting their comprehensive national power by taking advantage of their own countries’ resources thoroughly and cooperating with others rationally. Once a government holds this attitude, the competitive relationship between states will be benign, and thus the world will develop on the right track. Besides, just like what Enlai Zhou expressed in his “Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence” in 1953, governments should not intervene each other’s political decisions. By following this principle, countries can avoid conflicts better because political interference is highly likely to lead to misunderstanding and create unnecessary conflicts. Consequently, the world will be a more tranquil place for human-beings.
All in all, as members of human society, we should firmly object against wars. Specifically, for individuals, wars destroy people’s mental health and threaten humans’ wellness. For society, wars will not only be barriers for all countries to develop economics and its CNP, but also will result in huge loss in labor force due to citizens’ inevitable and innocent deaths. As a result, all governments should utilize their own resources rationally, cooperate with each other credibly and not intervene other’s internal political affairs. Obeying these rules, the world will be able to provide new generations a “good sleep.”
Murthy, R Srinivasa, and Rashmi Lakshminarayana. “Mental Health Consequences of War: a
Brief Review of Research Findings.” World Psychiatry : Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), Masson Italy, Feb. 2006,
“Second Sino-Japanese War.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 June 2019, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Sino-Japanese_War#Chinese.
The List of 2019 Chinese TV Series.” Wikipedia,Wikimedia Foundation, 3 June, 2019
“Vietnam War.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 1 June 2019, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War.
“Why did China refuse to accept the reparation from Japan after the World WarII?” Zhihu.com, 23 August 2012, https://www.zhihu.com/question/19694728