Mexico Cave Diving and Training
If you’ve mastered the basic skills of open reef diving and want to take things to another level, one possibility to consider is cavern and cave diving.
With new adventures come new risks, getting out of a cave in an emergency can’t be done by floating up, there’s a rock above your head. Swimming through darkness can be claustrophobic and disorientating. It’s essential that you acquire the skills you need to deal with unexpected events and the only way to do this is through professional dive training tuition. Training can be undertaken world wide, one popular spot is Mexico, where Protech Dive Shop Tulum provides training from certified dive instructors for all stages of cave diving.
The Difference Between Cavern and Cave Diving
Think of cavern diving as ‘cave diving lite’. The essential difference between the two is that cavern divers never move beyond visible natural light and penetrate no more than 60 meters from the cave opening. They also use a fixed guide line to prevent getting lost.
Move beyond the light and you’re into the realms of cave diving. Advanced cave divers travel thousands of meters beyond the cave entrance, using penetration lines to guide their way back and multiple air tanks to extend the limits of their explorations.
Cave Diver Training Programs
The knowledge, sills and techniques necessary to become a cave diver are acquired in a series of steps. The National Speleological Society Cave Diving Section has developed a stepped program which splits the skills required to become a fully certified cave diver into four levels.
Basic Cave Diver — Penetration gas is limited to around 40 cubic feet, there’s no decompression or complicated navigation. This stage enables you to develop the communication, dive planning and emergency skills needed for limited independent cave diving. It gives the foundation required to progress to the next stage.
Apprentice Cave Diver — The apprentice level covers most of the knowledge and skills required for full Cave Diver certification, and includes a limited introduction to decompression diving procedures. Apprentice cave divers are able to make limited explorations of a cave away from the penetration line
Cave Diver — This level focuses on gaining experience in using the skills acquired at apprentice level. A minimum of 16 training dives is required to achieve full cave diver certification, many students make many more than this.
Advanced Cave Diver — This is an alternative fourth stage to the dive training program, and includes the content of the NSS-CDS stage diving. You’ll need to progress to this level if you intend to make dives that will require longer decompression times, use a stage cylinder or plan dives that require complex navigation.
Keeping Yourself Safe
Dive schools, such as Dive Training Tulum, equip students with the skills needed to understand and minimise risks. Every year,cave divers who move beyond their abilities get into situations they’re ill prepared to deal with. Some of them die. Cave diving is a fascinating and beautiful activity, to enjoy it safely it’s absolutely essential that you get your training from a certified diver and instructor.