Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections that is observed in young women. The bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative organism for chlamydia infections. The infection commonly spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Also, the infection can get transferred from mother to her newborn during delivery.
In the early stage of infection, symptoms are quite mild or unnoticeable. Sometimes, two weeks after being exposure to Chlamydia some signs and symptoms might be observed. Some factors, such as being sexually active before age 25, multiple sex partners, and history of prior sexually transmitted infection, tend to increase your risk of catching chlamydia infection. Women with chlamydia are at high risk of getting other sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV.
If untreated, the infection can spread to the cervix, fallopian tubes, or ovaries leading to pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID). PID can cause scarring and obstruction in the fallopian tubes which is the leading cause of infertility in women.
Females who have a chlamydia trachomatis infection are at higher risk of developing reactive arthritis which is known as Reiter’s syndrome. This condition affects the joints, eyes, and urethra.
To avoid the complications, early diagnosis and treatment of chlamydia is necessary. For this purpose, let us understand the common signs and symptoms of chlamydia.
- Painful or difficult urination: Due to irritation of urethra and vagina you may experience burning sensation or pain while passing urine. You may feel the urgency and increased frequency of urination.
- Lower abdominal pain: If the infection is untreated, then it may lead to PID causing pain in lower abdomen and pain in lower back.
- Vaginal discharge: You may experience a change in vaginal discharge. Chlamydia infection can cause yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor as well as irritation and itching of the vagina.
- Painful sexual intercourse: Chlamydia can cause inflammation of vagina and cervix, making it extra-sensitive during sexual intercourse. This is why it makes you suffer from painful intercourse. It can also cause bleeding after intercourse.
- Bleeding between periods: Due to PID you may experience bleeding between your periods or you may suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding.
When chlamydia infection affects rectum, you may suffer from rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding. You may also catch chlamydia eye infections (conjunctivitis) through contact with infected secretions.