What is PCOD & How it is Related To (Your) Period?

Polycystic ovarian disease also known as polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common health disorder which affects millions of women worldwide. It is usually affects women who are within the age group of 12–45 years. Women suffering from this health disorder suffer from hormonal imbalances and also begin to develop small cysts on their ovaries.

Follicles are small little sacs which contains eggs and are present within the ovaries. Normally, during each monthly menstrual cycle one or more eggs are released during a process known as ovulation. However, if a woman is diagnosed with polycystic ovarian disease the eggs present in these follicles do not mature at all.

Instead they simply sit in the follicles and over time and can lead to the development of small cysts on the ovaries. while these cysts may not be harmful by themselves, they can lead to several health problems for a woman.

Learn more here about: PCOD

The health problems associated with PCOD/PCOS are as follows:

· Infertility

· Skin problems

· Abnormal hair growth

· Painful cramps

· Diabetes

· Irregular or absent menstrual cycle

· Cancer of the uterus (Endometrial Carcinoma)

· High cholesterol

· Heart problems

· Sleep apnoea

· Obesity

· Depression

When the ovaries become enlarged they begin to produce excess amounts of androgen, a male sex hormone which is produced by the female body in small amounts. The primary function of these androgen hormones is to help regulate the normal development of eggs in the ovaries during each monthly menstrual cycle. However, if a woman is suffering from PCOD, her body begins to produce excessive amounts of androgen. This in turn can lead to hormonal imbalances in a woman’s body and could cause birth & pregnancy complications.

Also, during PCOD a woman stops ovulating altogether. This means she experiences either irregular menses or absent menstrual cycles and might even suffer from severe pain during her menstrual cycle, which can last for many days.

Health problems caused by PCOD:

PCOD/PCOS tends to run in the family. Thus, if a woman has a female relative, such as a mother or aunt who has suffered from PCOD/PCOS, it is likely that they too may develop the same health disorder at some point in their lifetime.

While we cannot point out what the exact causes behind PCOD are, yet we can list out the early warning signs of this health disorder. There are a number of early warning signs a woman suffering from PCOD may experience and they are as follows:

· Weight gain

· Skin problems & rashes

· Appearance of acne

· Abnormal hair growth on the face & body

· Darkening of skin

· Thinning of hair on the scalp region

· Irregular & absent periods

· Experiencing pain during periods

· Experiencing heavy flow during periods

· High insulin levels

· High blood pressure levels

PCOD Treatment:

Polycystic ovarian disease or syndrome is not a rare health disorder. In fact, it is a common health disorder which affects millions of women and young girls worldwide. However, the sad part is that there is no permanent cure for PCOD.

Popular treatments for PCOD/PCOS often involve surgeries, wherein holes are drilled into the ovaries to get rid of the cysts. Other treatments involve the usage of fertility medications in the form of supplements, injections and drugs. However, these treatments are known to have their fair share of side effects and at the same time, do not provide any permanent solution to PCOD.

While there is no PCOD cure, in some cases, resorting to the right kind of diet and making the necessary lifestyle changes can help a woman manage her PCOD/PCOS symptoms better.