childcare service should tackle with the lower fertility in cities
The problem of lower fertility in developed countries lies particularly in the big cities. The report from RIETI points dual trends showing higher regional population density associated with lower fertility rates are being confirmed.
- Population Density, Fertility, and Childcare Services from the Perspective of a Two-Region Overlapping Generations Model
On the other hand, the report indicates that it is possible to increase the fertility rates by the improvement of childcare services that help a good balance between work and family.
In big cities there are a lot of nuclear family, that means few support of relatives compared with rural area. Thus, it becomes necessary not only the childcare service itself but also the local community to support the childcare.