BREAST CANCER TODAY
Breast cancer is a disease that throughout life has no cure. Each year in the United States, approximately more than four thousand breast cancers are diagnosed in women and more than two thousand cases in men. Cancer is a disease in which the cells of the body multiply uncontrollably. Deaths from breast cancer have decreased over time, but this disease continues to be one of the second leading cause of death among women in general.it is a disease that does not distinguish on any religion, race and even years. Many young women are being diagnose with invasive and aggressive breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most widely found in women. Because without the knowledge, treatment, and prevention, the risk increases as you get older.
Nowadays, Cancer is a disease by abnormal cells that grows and invade the good healthy cells in the body. Breast cancer starts when cells grow out of control and form a tumor or a nodule. Breast are made by having 3 parts: lobules, ducts and connective tissue. Women lobules are glands that produce milk. The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple and the connective tissue consist fibrous and fatty tissues. Our invasive ductal glands are cells that grows outside the ductal into breast tissues, it can also be spread outside the breast through blood vessels. Once we have an invasive cancer it can also be spread to other parts of our body, which are called metastasize. However, other types of breast cancer are less common but start within other tissues in a breast, and this is called sarcomas, lymphomas, Paget’s disease, medullary, mucinous and inflammatory breast cancer. Furthermore, healthy breast cells become cancer because of changes in mutations. DNA is the chemical in our cells that makes up our genes. However, our DNA mutations are pass from us to our parents; this means the mutations are in our cells when we are born, and some mutations can significantly increase the risk of certain cancers. Most of our DNA takes place during our life creating mutated genes.
On the above and necessary photos, we can be able to understand where we can start getting this disease in a part of our body. We might think how rare life is? But it’s always important to be able to learn more, about how and why our body changes so much. In a matter of seconds, our life could be fatal. Is fundamental to know that we have extraordinary people, that we won’t want to see suffering from any medical conditions, thru out the years we get to learn, how many people have been affected by different types of cancer.
TYPES OF BREAST CANCER
Breast cancer can begin in different areas of the breast — the ducts, the lobules, or in some cases, the tissue in between. In this section, you can learn about the different types of breast cancer, including non-invasive, invasive, and metastatic breast cancers, as well as the intrinsic or molecular subtypes of breast cancer.
- Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)
- Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)
- IDC Type: Tubular Carcinoma of the Breast
- IDC Type: Medullary Carcinoma of the Breast
- IDC Type: Mucinous Carcinoma of the Breast
- IDC Type: Papillary Carcinoma of the Breast
- IDC Type: Cribriform Carcinoma of the Breast
- Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC)
- Inflammatory Breast Cancer
- Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS)
- Male Breast Cancer
- Molecular Subtypes of Breast Cancer
- Paget’s Disease of the Nipple
- Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast
- Metastatic Breast Cancer
TYPES OF TUMORS
Although breast cancer is often referred to as one disease, there are many different types of breast cancer.
All breast cancers start in the breast. So, they are alike in some ways, but differ in others. They can be non-invasive or invasive. Tumor cells can vary in location (ducts or lobules) and how they look under a microscope. These differences often affect prognosis.
Tumor characteristics, such as hormone receptor status and HER2 status, also affect prognosis.
BREAST STAGES,HOW WE FIND IF WE HAVE CANCER? CAN WE PREVENT IT? DO WE FEEL ANY SYMPTOMS? CAN THIS CANCER SPREAD FASTER? IS THERE ANY TREATMENT? WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS AND RISKS OF GETTING SCREENING? ITS BREAST CANCER CURED?
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
- A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
- Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast
- Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
- A newly inverted nipple
- Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin
- Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
Spreading throughout the body, cancer cells can take over by forming abnormal cells that can clump together, forming a mass of tissue called a tumor. Malignant tumors invade … a man should notice any signs of breast cancer which can include a lump.
More women are diagnosed with breast cancer than any other cancer, excluding skin cancer. This year, an estimated 266,120 women in the United States will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, and 63,960 women will be diagnosed with in situ breast cancer. An estimated 2,550 men in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer.
It is estimated that 41,400 deaths (40,920 women and 480 men) from breast cancer will occur this year.
The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The average 5-year survival rate for people with breast cancer is 90%. The average 10-year survival rate is 83%.
If the cancer is located only in the breast, the 5-year relative survival rate of people with breast cancer is 99%. Sixty-two percent (62%) of cases are diagnosed at this stage. If the cancer has spread to the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 85%. If the cancer has spread to a distant part of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 27%.About 5% of women have metastatic cancer when they are first diagnosed with breast cancer. Even if the cancer is found at a more advanced stage, new treatments help many people with breast cancer maintain a good quality of life, at least for time.It is important to note that these statistics are averages, and each person’s risk depends on many factors, including the size of the tumor, the number of lymph nodes that contain cancer and other features of the tumor that affect how quickly a tumor will grow and how well treatment works.Breast cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in women in the United States, after lung cancer. However, since 1989, the number of women who have died of breast cancer has steadily decreased thanks to early detection and treatment improvements. survival rates for both black women and white women have increased, but are 10% lower for black.
Breast Cancer: Treatment Options AND SCREENING
Since now we have more equipment’s and advance detecting cancer, doctor may have a diagnosis by performing an examination around the breast by feeling a lump on the breast, a pain in the armpits or breast and changes into the skin or nipple. However not every breast lump is cancerous, exist a fibrous tissue that are benign tumors which they don’t have any impact to the breast. Furthermore, providence evidence by using different types of test such as mammography, breast ultrasound along with magnetic resonance imaging and blood test. The diagnosis of breast cancer can also be definitive by performing a biopsy using aspiration with a needle, removing part of the mass of tissue and sending it to a particular lab to be able to examine it more closely. Once a person is determined with a malignant breast cancer, the healthcare will have determined on which stage the patient is, there are different stages for example 0–1 has been cancer cells in a limited area, stage 2 it has been spread in other regions, stage 3 is considered advance and stage 4 has spread beyond the breast and the body, based on how big the tumor is, number of lymph nodes has invaded the breast.Breast cancer has different treatments based on how advanced the cancer is. The most common form of treatment for breast cancer is surgery, options includes a lumpectomy, partial mastectomy, radical mastectomy, and reconstruction. Another treatment is chemotherapy that uses a combination of medication to destroy the cells and slow the growth of the cancer, along with radiation therapy that is able to use high energy to kill the cancer cells.
In conclusion, breast cancer now has more way to find in an early stages.besides, due to many equipments,treatments,radiation therapy we can risk reduction.It is essential to seek help if we can feel any kind of mass or lump in the breast or axilla.