Who Runs the World? Girls!

CLASS HOURS 0–1:30

What does becoming a leader mean?

This is the question we discussed in class. For me, I believe becoming a leader means you are not only looking out for yourself but now looking out for others as well. Becoming a leader means that you will be the one that others look up to not only as a role model but also someone who they constantly go to for advice. Becoming a leader means that you have to figure out how to give efficient advice to the many people that follow you for guidance. Also, with positives come negatives. Becoming a leader means that “haters” will always be near, the real challenge is to figure out who is with you and who is not. Every leader has blatant direct haters, but the worst haters are the ones closest to you. Some haters are people that you once use to call a friend or still do. Unfortunately, jealousy and competition can get to people which will bring out the bad of them. For leaders, their haters can come up all around them whether its family or friends. As we said in the last journal, responsibility, accountability , and motivation are all trait that people becoming leaders have to hone into. This is where activation, orientation, and integration are necessary.

  • Activation, someone puts it into your mind that you’re going to be a leader; self-activation can come from within (putting yourself into a leadership role rather than someone else putting you in the role)
  • Orientation, someone says “you can hold this role and here’s what to expect”

brings them through the ropes: the steps, the traits, the experience. Orienting you to what it takes; self-ownership and asking mentor questions. “What should I expect”

  • Integration, actually bring recognized as the new leader from the community: initiation ceremony, being introduced to who you’re going to lead; ex. introducing next heir of family company to the employees, contractors, etc… The Godfather

Grandiosity: exaggerated sense of self-confidence

Can grandiosity be a positive thing in moderation?

Grandiosity can be a positive thing but in extreme moderation. Confidence is key for anyone, especially for a leader to get people on their side. People like to know that their leaders are confident in what they say and the actions they are bringing forward. Now, there is a thin line between confidence and grandiosity. Once that leader is passe the confidence line, it is then when others start to not trust him. When a leader is seen using grandiosity, the actions they bring forward to the table are looked at a little more consciously since the community knows that the leader never thinks hes wrong. A leader who never thinks he’s wrong leads to stubbornness taking over the leadership and other voices not being heard. All in all, grandiosity is NECESSARY in MODERATION.

ex. the one and only Donald Trump…

  • We have already seen Donald Trump’s grandiosity getting the best of him before he was even in the office. His urge to not listen to anybody else’s side has led to huge events happening in the last two months alone. Syria getting bombed and now the Iranian ISIS cave being bombed are both two huge events that have happened in the last week ALONE. Grandiosity can lead to very fast decisions that are not fully thought through. Personally, from what I have seen in the past two months Donald Trump works off of a very fast pace and does not truly think things through. Hopefully, throughout his presidency his grandiosity levels lower to allow him to listen to others before he makes big decisions.

CLASS HOURS 1:30–3:00

Do you feel you can be friends with someone with such opposing views as you? (ex. LGBT, abortion)

Being friends with someone with opposing views is difficult at most. When you are friends with people with such strong opposing views, it usually leads to constant arguments and conversations. If you have a friend who has an opposing view as strong as LGBT or abortion, the only way to keep the friendship strong is by steering away from those conversations. As long as the friendship stays away from the conversations where the opposing views come up, there should be no problem within the friendship.

Step One:

Plutarch seems worried that readers won’t take his stories about women seriously. Why might that be? What does his concern tell us about prevailing ancient attitudes towards women in the public sphere?

I feel that Plutarch is worried that readers wont take his stories seriously simply because they did not take women seriously in the ancient times already. Plutarch knows that him recalling stories of women conquering and being independent will look as “fantasy” to some of the people of ancient history. The stories would look ancient to these people not because they’re not true, but because of the ignorance these people hold for females. For some reason, there are many people out there who believe that women can not be leaders or good leaders for that matter.

What methodological statements does Plutarch make about how he will prove his thesis, organize his collection, and select his material?

“So when Leontis, that most excellent woman, died, I forthwith had then a long conversation with you, which was not without some share of consolation drawn from philosophy, and now, as you desired, I have also written out for you the remainder of what I would have said on the topic that man’s virtues and woman’s virtues are one and the same. This includes a good deal of historical exposition, and it is not composed to give pleasure in its perusal. Yet, if in a convincing argument delectation is to be found also by reason of the very nature of the illustration, then the discussion is not devoid of an agreeableness which helps in the exposition, nor does it hesitate

To join

The Graces with the Muses,

A consorting most fair,

as Euripides says and to pin its faith mostly to the love of beauty inherent to the soul.”

How would you describe Plutarch and Clea’s relationship?

Step Two:

For each story, answer the following questions: What are the various good, virtuous qualities women display? How do women make men do what they want? How do they use their bodies, and how do they use their intellect to effect what they want? What do women do (or what happens to them) after they have succeeded in achieving their aims?

I. The Trojan Women

“Having accomplished this, they went to meet the men who were hurrying to the sea to save the ships, and, fearful of their anger, some embraced their husbands and some their relatives, and kissed them coaxingly, and mollified them by this manner of blandishment.”

One good quality the Trojan women all possessed was independence and sly. The independence of taking the initiative to burn up the boats while the men were gone took a lot of guts knowing the men would be angry if not confused. The sly quality of the women comes to help them while they all embrace and kiss their husbands to try and distract them from what the women had done, enough to allow the men to cool down and actually see that what the women had done was smart and logical. After coaxing the men into a calmer state, both the men and the women “took up their abode there with the Latins.”

II. The Women of Phoci

“After this had been done, the Phocians engaged the enemy near Cleonae of Hyampolis, and gained the victory. To this vote of the Phocians the Greeks gave the name of “Desperation”; and the greatest festival of all, the Elaphebolia in honour of Artemis, they celebrate in Hyampolis even to this day in commemoration of that victory.”

One quality of the Phocian women is strategic. The women are the sole ones who thought of the plan to defeat the Thessialians by bombarding them with women soldiers so they would be confused.

III. The Women of Chios

“The women, however, called them cowards if they purposed to lay down their arms and go forth naked through the midst of the enemy. But when the men said that they had given their oath, the women bade them not to leave their arms behind, but to say, by way of answer to the enemy, that the spear serves as a cloak, and the shield as a shirt, to a man of spirit. The Chians took this advice, and when they used bold words towards the Erythraeans and displayed their weapons, the Erythraeans were frightened at their boldness, and no one approached nor hindered them, but all were well pleased at their departure. So the Chians, having been taught courage by their women, were saved in this way.”

One quality the women of Chios had was courage. The women taught the men to be brave and courage so that they could fight off the Erythrean men though they were only supposed to go in with one cloak and one inner garment. Soon after, Philip (the son of Demetrius) threatens the women by trying to enslave them. The women’s response to the threat was to fight off Philip’s men with the help of their slaves.

IV. The Women of Argos

“Under the lead of Telesilla they took up arms, and, taking their stand by the battlements, manned the walls all round, so that the enemy were amazed. The result was that Cleomenes they repulsed with great loss, and the other king, Demaratus, who managed to get inside, as Socrates says, and gained possession of the Pamphyliacum, they drove out. In this way the city was saved.”

The leader of the Women of Argos is Telesilla, who is a poet who found herself through poetry and music after struggling through life. After Clemens (the King of Sparta) takes over Argives, he then goes for Argos. Under Telesilla’s leadership, the women of Argos drive out Cleomenes and Demaratus. After the great defeat, a memorial was made for the surviving women in the form of a statue of Ares.

Step Three:

For each story:

What are the various good, virtuous qualities women display? How do women make men do what they want? How do they use their bodies, and how do they use their intellect to effect what they want? What do women do (or what happens to them) after they have succeeded in achieving their aims?

What are the qualities and circumstances that allow an individual woman to rise to a position of power?

Are the positive qualities of these individual women different from those illustrated in the “collective action” section? If so, how?

XVI. Pieria

“The most influential of Neileus’s sons, Phrygius by name, fell in love with Pieria, and tried to think what could be done on his part that would be most pleasing to her. And when she said, “If only you could make it possible for me to come here often and many with me,” Phrygius was quick to understand that she wanted friendship and peace for the citizens, and stopped the war.”

The Milesians did not like the Ionians, but they still went to Myus anyways. The daughter and wife of Pythes went to the festivals the Ionian women went too, which is where Phrygius (a son of Neileus) fell in live with Pieria. Pieria knowing of how much Phyrgius loved her use that as a way to get peace among the citizens and the war stopped overall. The quality of seduction (though she did not try to seduce him) is the quality that rose Pieria to a position of power in this situation.

XVII. Polycrite

“Diognetus, the general of the Erythraeans, entrusted with the command of a stronghold, its natural advantages reinforced by fortification to menace the city of the Naxians, gathered much spoil from the Naxians, and captured some free women and maidens; with one of these, Polycrite, he fell in love and kept her, not as a captive, but in the status of a wedded wife.”

There is a war going on between the Naxian and Milesians over Neaera (wife of Hysiceron of Miletus). This war started becuse th Naxians did not want to give Neaera up after her husband made her a suppliant at the shrine of Hestia. Polycrite used her seduction to help her people back a home. A general of the Erthraeans named Diognetus fell in love with Polycrite. Polycrites uses his love for her to get information, she then gives the nore to her community back home and tells them how to defeat the enemy. By giving the information away, the people of Miletus are able to defeat the Naxians.