Basic Camera Settings

The photo on the left has an f-stop of 1.8 and a shutter speed of 1/1600. This is why the photo is brighter, but the only thing in focus is the leaves closest to the camera (shallow depth of field). The photo on the right has an f-stop of 5.6 and a shutter speed of 1/800. This is why it is darker and has a deeper depth of field, so most of the subjects are in focus. Everything behind the tree is still blurry, though. Both photos have an ISO of 200.
Original vs edited
Another example of original vs edited. ISO 200.
In the photo on the left, the sky is blue but the shadows are too dark. The dynamic range is too low. The photo on the right shows a higher dynamic range because the sky is pure white and the shadows are lighter.

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