Cristims Serban I found your statement “Today you can barely find 1 in 40 girls in STEM fields, while during communism the ratio was 24% or even higher in chemistry” astonishingly unbelievable.
So I took your advice and googled a bit.
Several news reports and UNESCO publications report much better numbers than 1 in 40 women in STEM fields for Russia.
In Russia (based on data from 2013), Engineering & Technology has 35.9% women graduates. Granted it is below 50%, but it appears that women make up for the shortage with excellent participation in Medical Sciences with 59.5% and other science disciplines (more above 50% numbers there as well).
US women make up about 18.5% of the engineering graduates according to the UNESCO data (2012 data). Now, that’s a problem. As it happens, there are bright spots. For example, Harvey Mudd College (Source: QZ article below) has been able to encourage women in CS major (55% of graduates compared to the 20% number across all US universities and colleges). CMU is another, coming in at about 40% (increased from 7% in 1994; Source: NPR article below).
As US universities struggle to encourage women to study computer science, one small college is having uncommon success…qz.com
What Vidya Narayanan suggests has been made reality at at least some of the US institutions. Perhaps it is scalable. The story from world-wide statistics is encouraging.
No need for big words like “indoctrination.” Not all STEM fields are about chasing money really. Cancer and other medical research may very well save and extend lives. The more participation from people of all genders, colors and creeds in STEM, the better.