Using VR therapy as an analgesic for acute and chronic pain could be the solution to the rising opioid addictions.

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by Bermix Studio on Unsplash

Chronic pain is one of the major reasons people seek medical counsel.

Yet, the available therapies are either ineffective for certain categories of pain or cause unbearable adverse effects.

Virtual reality is emerging as a new, effective therapy to manage both acute and chronic pain naturally.

What is Virtual Reality?

Virtual reality is a computer-generated simulation that allows the user to interact with an artificial 3D environment using electronic devices.

VR users are immersed in a 360° experience of the simulated environment. VR is popular with entertainment and gaming.

As science continues to advance, decades of research have sought to establish the efficacy of VR technology in the field of medicine. …

Stop making to-do lists — they’re setting you up for failure.

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by Aron Visuals on Unsplash

Elon Musk is undoubtedly one of the busiest people in the world.

Between running Space X, Tesla, Neuralink, Hyperloop, and The Boring Company, he still has to find time for his four children, hobbies, and fitness.

Musk’s schedule translates to over 90 hours per week. That’s more than double the number of hours an average person works.

Considering how easy it is to experience burnout after a long working period, it’s difficult to imagine how Elon Musk achieves this overwhelming feat.

So, what’s his secret?

In several interviews, he has credited his almost superhuman efficiency to a little known technique called timeboxing.

Spoiler: We are still a ‘Type Zero' civilization

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by Chris Briggs on Unsplash

Ever since we first appeared on earth, humanity has been problem-solving, inventing, and developing its technology.

We’ve managed to leverage our understanding of science to build relatively advanced civilizations and rise above other species.

We’ve come from living in caves to being able to land on the moon. We’ve had to re-imagine our environment and remodel it to suit our interests.

More importantly, we’ve vowed to relentlessly pursue our undying quest for knowledge through every means possible.

But, is there a final destination for us?

Could we reach a point where we have discovered everything and there’s nothing more to discover? …

Circumventing the fearsome psychological cost of entrepreneurship is crucial for holistic success

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by Ben Hershey on Unsplash

Everywhere you look, the Mark Zuckerbergs and Elon Musks of this generation are idolized as successful, fulfilled, and happy individuals with all that they desire.

But the hidden costs of entrepreneurship are rarely mentioned.

According to a study by the University of California, entrepreneurs are 30% more likely to experience depression than members of the general population.

So much that clinical psychologists coined the term founder depression to represent a subset of depression prevalent among entrepreneurs.

“Although founder depression is rarely addressed in the public domain, a surprising number of entrepreneurs experience it behind the curtains.”

— Vikram Beri, Founder of Betterlyf.

Viruses, nature’s microscopic zombies, can be selectively engineered to function as a scaffold for materials used in battery electrodes.

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by 🇨🇭 Claudio Schwarz | @purzlbaum on Unsplash

The global reliance on batteries has grown rapidly over the years.

Batteries store energy for later use in a wide variety of products, from flashlights to basic electronic devices to emerging technologies such as electric cars.

As such, there is an impending need for better, reliable higher energy density batteries.

Viruses, one of nature’s most predominant and unique microorganisms might hold the key to more efficient batteries of the future.

Using Viruses for Battery Manufacture.

In 2009, Angela Belcher, a professor of bioengineering at MIT was invited to the White House to demo a small battery for President Obama.

This wasn’t a normal battery. Belcher had used viruses to assemble the electrodes of a lithium-ion battery which was able to power an LED. …

The likelihood that we will encounter the “Great Filter” threatens our ambition of transitioning to Type I Civilization.

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by BRUNO EMMANUELLE on Unsplash

The Kardashev Scale classifies civilizations based on their level of energy usage and technological advancement.

Type I Civilization can utilize and store all the energy from their host star. Humanity is currently transitioning to Type I Civilization, ranking at around 0.7.

Futurists estimate that we’ll become a Type I Civilization at least 100 years from now.

Yet, numerous hurdles surround this massive undertaking. There are several reasons why we may not get there at all.

The popular school of thought is that we might encounter what is known as the Great Filter.

The Great Filter

The Great Filter theory was first suggested by economist Robin Hanson. It posits that an “unknown something” happens to most civilizations in the cosmos when they reach a certain level of advancement. …

A compound displaying superconductivity at 15°C could herald a new era of scientific advancements.

Image for post
Image for post
A superconductor demonstrating magnetic levitation due to the Meissner effect. Credit: University of Rochester photo / J. Adam Fenster

In 2003, Nobel Laureate Vitaly Ginzburg postulated that there are several holy grails left to be discovered in Physics that if found, could revolutionize the world.

His list included the most exotic phenomena like dark matter and controlled nuclear fusion, most of which still seem far-fetched.

However, in 2020, one of Ginzburg’s top-of-the-list items appears to have materialized.

Coming second in his list, Ginzburg was of the view that superconductors at room temperature would transform the 21st Century.

In what scientists consider to be a giant leap forward in Physics, a team of researchers has reported the discovery of the first room-temperature superconductor. …

Are they resistant to HIV?

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by andré spilborghs on Unsplash

The future is here. Our obsession with superhuman sci-fi films might no longer have to be a product of imagination, but a prevailing reality.

Humanity is in the early stages of launching Humans 2.0, the next frontier in directing their course of evolution.

This might sound like an over-ambitious venture but modern advancements in science and technology have enabled scientists to look into the genome — the instructional manual for all biological processes.

As we unravel the secrets of the genome strand by strand, the possibility of harnessing this new information to produce better, stronger, more intelligent human beings has lingered in the minds of scientists world-over. …

How the relentless quest to save humanity might drive a species towards extinction.

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by David Clode on Unsplash

This post has such a dramatic headline so let me start with the good news first; Every passing day, we are getting closer and closer to finding an effective COVID-19 vaccine.

On the flip side, this is bad news for one of the ocean’s top predators, the sharks.

According to Shark Allies, a non-profit organization that advocates for the protection of sharks, as many as 500,000 sharks risk being sacrificed in the bid to deliver a vaccine.

To understand the reason for such an outrageous claim, let’s delve a bit more into the vaccines.

Squalene-based adjuvants for COVID-19 Vaccines

Some vaccines require what is known as an adjuvant. …

Understanding the concept of ego-depletion can help you exercise restraint on your bad financial habits.

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by Christian Dubovan on Unsplash

Like many people, I struggle with the challenge of keeping my spending habits in check.

Despite drawing monthly budgets to monitor every single coin with laser precision, something happens in between the month that spirals things out of control.

I’ve constantly sought wise counsel from financial experts. I’m fully aware of what needs to be done to achieve financial discipline, and I have the motivation to do it.

Still, there seems to be a missing link. Something that makes it hard to craft the perfect financial habits.

I always ask myself, why does sticking to a budget or making better financial decisions feel like an actual physical struggle? …


Leon Okwatch

Medical Student. Original thinker. Lifetime learner. Here to nerd out with other knowledge enthusiasts.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store