Statistics and the latest situation in Eastern Ghouta

Eastern Ghouta region of eastern suburbs of Damascus is under siege of Assad regime and Iran-backed foreign terrorist organizations for 4 years. According to the records of the NGO’s in the region, 400 thousand people live under the harsh conditions of severe siege in the Eastern Ghouta.

According to statistics based on the counts of local council, number of infants in Ghouta is about 17,700[1]. Of these, 8500 are made up of 6 months old babies. The number of babies between 6 months and 2 years old is close by 9200. Approximately 40% of 17,700 babies receive insufficient aid.[2]

The number of orphans in the Ghouta region is 12,517.[3] Number of orphans who do not receive help even if they are at minimum level 3640 and these are 29% of total orphans.[4] 71% of the remaining orphans are also in urgent need of assistance. At the same time, the number of widows, who are the mother of the orphans in Eastern Ghouta is 3.814.[5] It has become difficult to meet the needs of orphans and orphan’s mothers’ due to Assad regime attacks and the tightening of the blockade.

The number of disabled orphans in the Ghouta is 442, and the number of orphans in during breastfeeding age is 721. These orphans are in urgent need of humanitarian and medical assistance.[6]

Eastern Ghouta has a total of 2432 disabled people. 550 of these disableds are made up of amputation cases, which are caused by Assad regime attacks. 525 of these people are mentally disabled and these people need daily care. 424 people are sight-disabled. 638 people are paralyzed medically, and these cases have a high life risk due to lack of food supplement and medicine.[7]

Eastern Ghouta, under siege and blockade, has 559 cancer patients. These patients cannot continue their treatment because of the absence of medication due to Assad regime siege.[8] For this reason, 20 cancer patients (including 5 children) lost their life in the past 3 months. Eastern Ghouta has only 3% of the chemotherapy products used in the treatment of cancer patients.[9]

At the same time, Assad regime does not allow 250 emergency patients in Eastern Ghouta to go to outside of the Ghouta for treatment.[10] There are 1,114 children in Easters Ghouta who are at risk for life due to malnutrition[11]. 232 of these cases require urgent medical support for acute malnutrition. 882 cases are at risk due to moderate severe malnutrition. Apart from 1,114 children, approximately 1,500 children are poor nutrition in need of medical care.[12]

Due to starvation in Ghouta, including 206 children and 67 women total 397 people lost their lives.[13] Assad and Russian’s aggression bombed 23 civilian facilities. Four of these were medical centres. Thus, the medical intervention facilities in Ghouta were gradually destroyed.[14]

The prices in East Ghouta have more increased due to the siege and blockade. 1 kg. solid fat 7.25, 1 kg. sugar 6.25, 1 kg. flour 3.95, 1 package Eggs have been started to be sold at 12,4 dollars.[15]

In East Ghouta, which is also suffering from water problems, there is no water network for more than 3 years. Assad regime bombardment, chemical attacks and poisoning of resources, most of the water resources are unavailable. 1 hour water filling price (for the water obtained from wells) in East Ghouta is $ 7.25.[16]

Almost every day, opposing civil defence officers in Damascus say that artillery and air strikes have been organized by the Assad regime and that these attacks have resulted in civilian deaths. Civil defence officers estimate that 955 surface-to-surface missiles have been dropped on Eastern Ghouta since July and 126 people killed.[17]

A 42 trucks aid convoy operated by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the United Nations was allowed to enter some areas of Eastern Ghouta in late September.[18] It delivered food, school supplies and children’s clothing to 25,000 people in three besieged towns. But that is a small proportion of the estimated 400,000 people in the area.

[1] Şam Kardeşlik ve Dayanışma Derneği (Association of Sham Brotherhood and Solidarity) report, Informing about Eastern Ghouta’s childrens, 2016 December, http://wifak.org/ar

[2] ibid.

[3] Şam Kardeşlik ve Dayanışma Derneği (Association of Sham Brotherhood and Solidarity) report, Report on the situation of orphans in East Ghouta, 2017 August, http://wifak.org/ar

[4] İbid.

[5] İbid.

[6] İbid.

[7] Unpublished report of the “Peace Touch”, a joint organization established by Relief Corporation of Douma and Goodness and Health Society of Douma, Via Şam Kardeşlik ve Dayanışma Derneği (Association of Sham Brotherhood and Solidarity).

[8] https://www.stj-sy.com/en/view/265

[9]http://qasioun.net/ar/news/show/104509/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%B7%D8%A7%D9%86_%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%88%D8%B9_%D9%8A%D8%AE%D9%8A%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86_%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89_%D8%A3%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A_%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%BA%D9%88%D8%B7%D8%A9_%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%A9_%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%88

[10] Interview with Damascus Countryside Expert Hospital’s specialist, Doctor Hussam

[11] https://www.reuters.com/article/us-syria-hunger-ghouta/image-of-starving-baby-shows-need-to-help-children-in-besieged-syrian-region-un-agencies-idUSKBN1CU2MQ

[12] https://en.zamanalwsl.net/news/30615.html

[13] http://aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/hunger-kills-397-syrians-in-eastern-ghouta-ngo/946205

[14] SNHR report, Damascus’s Eastern Ghouta Siege is a Form of Collective Punishment, October 24, 2017, http://sn4hr.org/wp-content/pdf/english/Damascus%E2%80%99s_Eastern_Ghouta_Siege_is_a_Form_of_Collective_Punishment_en.pdf

[15] Interview with civilians and charities in Eastern Ghouta

[16] Interview with civilians and charities in Eastern Ghouta

[17] https://twitter.com/SCDrifdimashq/status/922485155368861696

[18] https://twitter.com/SYRedCrescent/status/911602809908482048 , SOHR https://t.co/3eiiwJNy7q

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