If some parts of your component tree become too large for React to visit efficiently, you can tell it to skip this “refining” and diffing certain parts of the tree if the relevant props have not changed. It is very fast to calculate whether the props have changed if they are immutable, so React and immutability work great together, and can provide great optimizations with the minimal effort.
React Components, Elements, and Instances
Dan Abramov

Tips for performance optimization

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