Searching for Rights to Alienate: The Trump Administration’s New Unalienable Rights Commission
“The Unalienable Rights Commission” — it really does sound like Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is looking for rights he can deny, ignore, or alienate. The Commission was launched on July 8 to sort through which rights the State Department should uphold in foreign policy — and which can be tossed.
And it’s not like they are doing a great job in the Trump Administration upholding the most basic human rights abroad. Like the right not to be dismembered while visiting your own consulate (the Trump Administration’s refusal to press Saudi Arabia on the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi). Or the right of children not to be held in cages or overcrowded jails (our border). Or the right to freedom of expression (Trump’s envious words to Russian leader Putin on the latter’s ability to control — or harm — journalists). Or the right not to be murdered by government forces over allegations of drug use (the Trump Administration’s embrace of Philippine President Duterte). Or the right not to be shot dead when you are protesting (U.S. silence on Honduras).
Commentators fearing that this commission’s findings will affect the treatment of same-sex marriage and reproductive rights are on target. But there’s more to fear.
A look at what Secretary State Pompeo did to the State Department human rights reports last year gives us a clue. These reports are published every year, and they are the official position of the U.S. government on human rights practices in nearly 200 countries and territories around the globe. In 2018, the reports were about to be rolled out when State Department leadership stopped their release. For nearly two months, the publication was held up while they slashed out sections of the reports that State Department staff around the globe had labored to prepare.
What did they cut out? Not just reproductive rights. Apparently, our only reproductive right as women is not to have forced abortion and forced sterilization.
Reading through the Western Hemisphere reports, I could see they also decimated entire sections on women’s rights. Discussions of discrimination against women in employment were gutted. In this “Me Too” moment, the subsections on sexual harassment, already minimal, were trimmed to barebones. Even the sections on violence against women, on domestic abuse and rape, were cut down to size. Guess the rights of more than half the world don’t matter.
LGBTQI rights also got short shrift. It isn’t just a question of the treatment of same-sex marriage. It’s also about coverage of violence against transgender people and of severe discrimination.
Sections on the rights of ethnic minorities were chopped in half. Coverage of discrimination against Afro-descendant and indigenous communities — a significant rights violation in many countries in Latin America — was slashed.
Economic rights and labor rights may also be on the chopping block this time. And no doubt, the right to a healthy environment won’t make the cut.
A PBS analysis of the commission’s members also suggests some are unduly deferential to different governments’ views of human rights and soft-pedaled violations by regimes such as Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
Why does this matter? If the State Department narrows its vision of what rights are fundamental, it will stop defending those rights abroad. We’ve already seen embassies told to stop flying the rainbow flag. If U.S. embassy staff are told to care less about the rights of women, LGBTQ persons, racial minorities, and about the right to protest and the right to strike, not to mention the right to food, water, and a healthy environment… Well, they will care less. Or be forced to. A powerful voice defending vulnerable populations will fall silent.
Corrupt or authoritarian governments will feel they have more leeway to discriminate. And Pompeo launched this reexamination to affect international organizations like the United Nations — with the intent of muting not just the United States’ voice, but the international community’s voice, on rights Pompeo feels are unnecessary. Indeed, he hopes this will be “one of the most profound reexaminations of the unalienable rights in the world since the 1948 Universal Declaration.”
This narrowing of rights championed abroad will come back to haunt us in the United States, too.
You don’t need to waste time and taxpayer money reexamining which human rights matter, Mr. Pompeo. You just need to start doing your job defending international human rights standards abroad.