IELTS Writing

I am preparing my second round IELTS test, the following are a few notes I took during my preparation.


Task 1

6 categories: Bar Chart/Pie Chart/Table/Line Graph/Diagram/Map Comparison

1) Bar Chart

Template : for charts

The chart illustrates …
Overall, …(common grounds)
On one hand,…
On the other hand,…

2). Pie Chart

IELTS 10 : The first chart below shows how energy is used in an average Australian household. The second chart shows the greenhouse gas emissions which result from this energy use. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The two charts illustrate 6 types of household energy use (EU) and greenhouse gas emissions (GGEs) in Australia.
Overall, in both graphs, the most significant sources of EU and GGEs are heating and water heating, which together account for 72% and 42% of the of EU and GGEs respectively. While cooling, lighting, and refrigeration produce least amount of EU and GGEs.
To be more specifically, heating comprises of 42% in the energy use, but its GGEs shrink significantly to 15%. However, water heating comprises of the similar percentages either in EU or GGEs, they are 30% in EU, and 32% in GGEs.
With regards to the remaining factors of EU and GGEs, cooling, lighting, and refrigeration are the three least consumptions of EU and GGEs. Other applications, which is the third factor in EU, but it climbs to the second place GGEs.

3. Table

4. Line Graph

5. Diagram

6. Map Comparison

The two maps below show an island, before and after the construction of some tourist facilities. (Source: ielts cambridge 6)
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The maps depict an island before and after some renovation works for tourists and compares the changed on the island for the constructions. Generally speaking, many new facilities have been constructed for tourists, including accommodations, restaurant, swimming facilities etc. and those have been built without affecting the natural resources that much.
Before the facilities were constructed, there was only trees and beach on the island and most of the places were empty. In this island, many new tourists’ facilities have been made including accommodation facilities, restaurant, reception centre, pier for boating, swimming facility on the beach and so on. Interestingly plants and trees were not cut down to build these constructions and most of the constructions were made near the beach.
Besides, footpaths and roads for commuting have been built to facilitate the tourists. The footpaths were made to walk between the residing places and the beach while the motor tracks were created to visit the restaurant, reception area, and pier for boating.
In summary, the construction was mainly made to facilitate the tourists’ stay, visit and amusement and for that, no plants or trees were cut.

Task 2

A template:

(Rephrase Statement). In my opinion, I agree that….(Point A). However, I also believe that….(Point B)
(Point A)
(Point B)
In conclusion, …

An example:

The best way to improve health is to do regular exercise. To what extent do your agree?

The most effective method in developing and improving health is considered to be daily exercise. IN my opinion, I agree that exercise is the key to health. However, I also believe that diet is important.

3. Useful Expression

Many people believe that / Many argue that

It is commonly believed that /It is considered by many people that /It is argued by some that

On the one hand/ On the other hand

5. Conclusion

In conclusion

Examples:

  1. Some people think that it is important to protect the environment, but they take no actions. Why? What can we do to protect the environment?
The issue of environmental protection has received significant attention in recent years. Some people argue that protecting the environment is of considerable significance, but they take no actions. In the following, I intend to explore its causes and offer some possible measures.
The primary source of this problem is that environmental protection may bring some inconvenience to individuals’ daily lives. In addition to this, efforts to protect the environment will probably damage the economic interests of some industries. Another contributing factor is that the selfishness deeply rooted in human nature is likely to urge individuals to shirk this responsibility to others. Finally, citizens are not motivated to take actual actions for the sake of environmental protection.
In order to overcome this problem, I believe we must strengthen our efforts to publicize the importance of environmental protection and thus promote citizens’ motivations to take actions. It is also necessary for us to enact relevant laws to punish the behaviors of polluting the environment. Another positive step would be to provide those highly polluted industries with compensations for them to close down.
In conclusion, I believe we must all recognize how serious this problem is. For the sake of human existence on this planet, it is suggested that joint efforts should be made to rescue the only homeland on which we have lived for millions of years.

Acknowledgements:

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