Bogspot #2: Classical Approaches

This week, we have learned about the classical approaches, especially the machine metaphor. According to Morgan, 1986, 1997, metaphor is defined as “we can learn something about organizations by considering a disparate object that an organization “is like””. For example, “an organization is like a pizza”. There are 3 aspects of the machine metaphor: specialization, standardization, and predictability. First, specialization is also called division of labor. Every part has a specific function. The second aspect is standardization, which includes the replace-ability. Employees, like cogs in a machine, can be replaced and are interchangeable. Third, predictability runs according to specific rules and standards. If something go wrong, it can be fixed by looking at how the rules and standard were applied or misapplied.

In this chapter, Henri Fayol’s theory of classical management is also interesting to me. There are 5 fundamental processes that Fayol processes: planning, organizing, command, coordination, and control. On the other hand, there are 6 principles of organizational structure: scalar chain, unity of command, unity of direction, division of labor, order, and span of control. Thus, the effective organization is highly structured, and each individual knows where he/she fits.

Next, the second classical management theory is Max Weber’s theory of Bureaucracy. There are 3 things familiar from our discussion of Fayol. First, Weber believes that a bureaucracy should be operated through a clearly defined hierarchy. Second, he sees bureaucracy as characterized by division of labor. Third, he believes that bureaucracies are characterized by the centralization of the decision making and power. In addition, Weber postulates that such authority is based on one of three possible grounds: traditional authority, charismatic authority, and rational-legal authority.

The third theory is Frederick Taylor’s theory of scientific management. Scientific methods are used to determine the best way to do each job. There is one best way to do every job. The theory involves the proper selection workers.

There are several aspects of communication: the content of communication, the direction of communication flow, the mode or channel of communication, and the style of communication.

We also watched the video is “Andrew McAfee: What will future job look like”. After watching the video, everyone should have the idea to answer 2 questions from the professor. First, are you positive or negative about how technology will affect you and your job in the future? Second, do you think it is a threat to humanity? Or do you think technology is going to take over the world? For the first question, I believe that I am positive about technology will affect my future job because the society is developed nowadays, technology will help people will be easier in their job. They don’t need to work hard as before and their life will be more comfortable. I also think that the technology will be taking over the world because people are aware of technology is very important to them today

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