I am glad you started this , my old friend.
My take on (1) : whatever you name is not the tao . Because it is not an object , but contains the all . This includes matter and thoughts. As a consequence: whatever you think , is not the tao. ( nisa via wolinsky)
I relate it to constructivism , which best summary I know is this quote :
Your beliefs become your thoughts,
Your thoughts become your words,
Your words become your actions,
Your actions become your habits,
Your habits become your values,
Your values become your destiny.
― Mahatma Gandhi
but this is not about the tao, it is about the way human perceive the world. But human being the tao ( what else ?) , they can be the tao too , when they stop putting attention on things, objects, perceptions… ( easier said than done ;)
(6) you cannot but judge. what ever you see you will evalutate. the trick is to see you doing this . then you can distinguish between the object , your evaluation / judgement on it , and WHO YOU ARE, seeing all this ( say)
this is like seeing outside ( the world) , see your inside ( feelings, thoughts) , and see you are none of them ( as they come and go, and YOU stay) .
after a bit of pratice, you can “stay” in this nowhere . free you become.
I ll be glad to hear about vision and execution and tao. write it , my friends.
( btw , the current emerging paradigm is connect, think, do when the old was think and do ). guess which brings you closer to tao ( you are never far, but you got me)