Plastic Surgery: A Gift For Replacing The Affected Skin
Plastic surgery can be categorised as those special types of surgery that helps to repair and reconstruct a tissue or skin that has been damaged or is missing. It could be due to a previous surgery, injury, illness or an abnormal condition since birth. The main reason a plastic surgery is performed is for restoring the proper function of the affected skin and the tissues, and trying to bring it back to normal, as much as possible. The second reason is to improve the body’s appearance.
Conditions where plastic surgery can be used:
A best plastic surgeon in bangalore or any other city can perform a plastic surgery to repair the following conditions:
i) Any abnormalities that you have since birth, like birthmarks, webbed fingers, cleft lip/palate, etc.
ii) An area of the body that may have been damaged when cancerous tissues have been removed, for example from the breast or the face.
iii) A bad injury or a serious burn that you may have sustained from a major accident
Techniques of plastic surgery:
There are various techniques that a skilled plastic surgeon in visakhapatnam or any other city can use for performing a plastic surgery. The main ones among them are:
i) Skin grafts — This is a process where a part of your healthy skin will be removed from an unaffected area of your body. That skin is used for replacing the affected skin that has been damaged. Skin grafts are of two types, full thickness skin graft where the epidermis (skin’s top layer) and dermis (layer underneath the skin) are removed. The area will be then closed with the help of stitches. A small portion of the skin from behind the ear or the neck is taken. The second type is the partial thickness skin graft. In this process, the area will not be stitched, but will be left for healing. The skin is generally taken from your buttock, thigh or upper arm.
ii) Skin flap surgery — In this technique, a piece of a tissue from a part of your body will be transferred to another part. The blood vessels of the tissue are also transferred along with it which manages to keep the tissues alive. The unaffected healthy tissue generally will remain partially attached to your body while in the process of being repositioned. This is the reason why it is called a flap surgery.
iii) Tissue expansion — This process involves stretching the surrounding tissues in the damaged area, so that your body can grow the extra skin. This will eventually help in reconstructing the nearby damaged area. An expander, which is a device like a balloon will be inserted beneath your skin in the area that needs to be repaired. It will be then slowly filled with salt-water, which causes the skin to gradually stretch and grow.
iv) Fat transfer — In this method, fat will be removed from an area and will be inserted in a different area of the body. This is usually done for correcting unevenness.
v) Vacuum Closure — Suction will be applied to your injury, with the help of a sterile foam piece. It will lead to the drawing out of the fluid, eventually encouraging the healing process.