The “Hiroshima of the Caucasus” — the ruins of the Azerbaijani city of Agdam under Armenia’s occupation in 1993–2020. Image: RadioFreeEurope

The UN estimate of economic damage to Azerbaijan due to Armenia’s military occupation is about $53.5 billion. Since the military conflict is over now, there is an urgent need for the UN to establish a compensation commission to deal with claims for damages to infrastructure and properties of almost 800.000 internally displaced persons.

Armenia and Azerbaijan engaged in a bloody war of unprecedented intensity after twenty-six years of ceasefire since 1994. The fighting lasted six weeks and ended with signing an armistice agreement between the two nations and Russia on the 10th of November, 2020. According to a Russian-brokered trilateral…


Azerbaijan’s second-largest city of Ganja after a ballistic rocket attack from Armenia. Photo Credit: Azertag

Reversing Trump’s disengagement policy, the Biden administration pledged an increased re-engagement with the South Caucasus region. The Armenia-Azerbaijan framework agreement provides an opportunity for the U.S. to develop a new regional policy focusing on ‘conflict resolution’ instead of ‘conflict prevention.’

Europe’s longest-running Armenia-Azerbaijan territorial conflict ended after 44-days of bloody fighting with the signing of a Russia-brokered trilateral Joint Statement on 10 November 2020. The agreement’s key consequences are the end of Armenia’s military occupation of Upper Karabakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) and seven adjacent districts of Azerbaijan it captured in the 1991–1994 war and the right of return of all displaced persons…

Nurlan Mustafayev

Public sector management. Energy. Conflict resolution.

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