Decrease the size of EBS volume in your EC2 instance

In the previous story we have learned about increasing our EBS volume size. You might be wondering, can we decrease EBS volume size? The answer is NO. It is impossible to decrease EBS volume size. When you have 100GB EBS and you decide to modify it into 30GB you will get error : The size of a volume can only be increased, not decreased. That’s terrible …

But don’t worry. We could also do the trick to decrease EBS volume size. However, it is not easy task as it is not a straightforward. Here is the trick :

  1. Snapshot the volume
  2. Create a new smaller EBS volume
  3. Attach the new volume
  4. Format the new volume
  5. Mount the new volume
  6. Copy data from old volume to the new volume
  7. Prepare the new volume
  8. Detach and unmount old volume

Getting started

Let’s exercise.

Assume we have :

  1. Instance named my-instance in ap-southeast-1a zone
  2. 100GB EBS volume size named old-volume
  3. We wish to decrease into 30GB and name it new-volume

We would need to shutdown the instance to prevent inconsistencies.

Snapshot the volume

You could read in order to snapshot the EBS volume.

Create a new smaller EBS volume

  1. Make sure instance is shutdown
  2. Go to Elastic Block Store Volumes
  3. Click Create Volume
  4. Choose the same volume type same with your old volume
  5. Enter your desired size; In our case 30.
  6. Choose availability zone; The volume will be available to instance in the same availability zone, which is ap-southeast-1a .
  7. Add tag with Key : Name and value : new-volume
Creating volume

Attach the new volume

  1. Right click on the new volume.
  2. Click Attach Volume.
  3. Choose instance name my-instance .
  4. Click Attach.

We could start the instance and login to SSH. List all available volume with lsblk. The new volume is in /dev/xvdf.

Attaching volume

Format the new volume

  1. Check whether the volume have any data or not using command sudo file -s /dev/xvdf .
  2. If it is displaying /dev/xvdf: data, it means the volume is empty. We could format the volume.
  3. If it is displaying other than above output, it means the volume have data. DO NOT format the volume if you saw this output.
  4. Format the volume using command sudo mkfs -t ext4 /dev/xvdf .
Formatting new volume

Mount the new volume

  1. Create directory to mount using command sudo mkdir /mnt/new-volume .
  2. Mount new volume into directory using commandsudo mount /dev/xvdf /mnt/new-volume .
  3. Check volume with command df -h; The new volume should be mounted now.
Result after mounting

Copy data from old volume to the new volume

  1. Use rysnc to copy from old volume to the new volume sudo rsync -axv / /mnt/new-volume/.
  2. Relax and wait until it’s finished. Get a coffee!

Prepare new volume

  1. Install grub on new-volume using command sudo grub-install --root-directory=/mnt/new-volume/ --force /dev/xvdf .
  2. Unmount new-volume sudo umount /mnt/new-volume .
  3. Check UUID using command blkid .
  4. Copy UUID from /dev/xvda1 (paste anywhere to backup this UUID); This is your old UUID.
  5. Use tune2fs to replace UUID sudo tune2fs -U COPIED_UUID /dev/xvdf; COPIED_UUID is the string value from point 4.
  6. Check the system label from old-volume using command sudo e2label /dev/xvda1 ; It will display string like cloudimg-rootfs .
  7. Replace new-volume label with old-volume label using command sudo e2label /dev/xvdf cloudimg-rootfs .
  8. We can logout SSH now.

Detach old volume

  1. Stop instance my-instance
  2. Detach old-volume
  3. Detach new-volume
  4. Attach new-volume to /dev/sda1
  5. Start instance my-instance

After we finish all steps above, we could check our instance by login into SSH.

We could delete old-volume and snapshot-old-volume if our system works correctly. I prefer to keep snapshot for a week / month before deleting it.

Attaching new volume to /dev/sda1

Conclusion

We cannot straightforward decreasing the size of EBS volume. All we can do is to create a new smaller volume.

Hope it’s help!

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