Diabetes refers a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood glucose level. This may occur when body insulin production is not insufficient or when body cells do not respond properly to insulin. Today, about 400 million people worldwide currently suffer from diabetes. This represents about 9% of the world population. In the United States, an estimated 25 million people are infected with diabetes.

Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience symptoms such as polyuria (frequent urination); increased thirsty (polydipsia) and intense hunger (polyphagia).

The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.

There are three categories of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin.

This condition is referred to as insulin resistance. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2.

In type I diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. This type of diabetes is also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes.

Victims usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.

Patients with type 1 diabetes will have to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.

Gestational diabetes is the third category and it affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells. This results in progressively rising levels of glucose.

Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease — it gradually gets worse — and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.

Diabetes is associated with several symptoms. Some of these include Blurry vision, Excess thirst, Fatigue, Frequent urination, Hunger and Weight loss.

Because type 2 diabetes develops slowly, some people with high blood sugar have no symptoms.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes develop over a short period. People may be very sick by the time they are diagnosed.

When diabetes persists for a long time, it can lead to other complications. Some of these complications include Eye problems, including troubled vision; light sensitivity, blindness, sores and infections of the leg or foot, which when untreated can result into amputation of the leg or foot.

Similarly, other symptoms of diabetes include damage to nerves in the body, tingling, a loss of feeling, problems digesting food, and erectile dysfunction. Kidney problems, which can lead to kidney failure, weakened immune system, which can lead to more frequent infections and increased chance of having a heart attack or stroke, are other complications that arise from diabetes.

Treatment of diabetes

Follow these tips to manage all types of diabetes.

Include foods rich in fiber and healthy carbohydrates in your diet. Eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will help keep your blood glucose levels steady.

Eat at regular intervals. This means you should only eat until you are full. Do not overeat at any single moment. Eat at intervals instead.

Control your weight and keep your heart healthy. That means you should stay away from refined carbohydrates, sweets, and animal fats as they may spike your sugar level.

Get about half an hour of aerobic activity daily to help keep your heart healthy. Exercise also helps to control blood glucose.

learn more from 7 steps to health and the big diabetes lie