Who Are the Motivators and Supports of Iran in Terrorizing Arab Nations?
What started as a movement to introduce Iran with an Islamic revolution, continues to terrorize Arab nations in the Middle East. Years ago, precisely until 1979, Iran too was like any other monarchist nation. However, the beginning of the Islamic revolution toppled the autocratic rule of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi; the ruler of Pahlavi dynasty. It wasn’t easy to descend a 2500 years of Iranian monarchy and replace it with an Islamic Republic regime. Therefore, the clerical leadership chose to work with an assortment of terrorist organizations for promoting Iran’s interests. Long after the Islamic revolution was accomplished, the use of terrorism continued and remained a significant instrument of foreign policy for Iran during encounters with neighboring countries, especially the United States.
Iran’s Plotting Against U.S. and Its Allied Interests Overseas
United States wasn’t the only enemy of Iran, it was also the neighboring Arab nations with whom Iran shared a rival relationship. It took the support of various leftists, Islamist organizations and student movements for the Islam Republic regime to take charge under the rule of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (leader of Islamic revolution). A brief account of how the U.S. and its overseas allied interests were affected by Iran’s continued affiliations with terrorist groups is given below.
- Iran is known to have the most well-established relationship with the Lebanese group called Hezbollah. Iran helped midwife Hezbollah with arms, training and funding approximately $100 million per year or even more, depending on the year and method used. Hezbollah is also a partner to Tehran and its leader possesses a considerable stature in the Arab world. However, that is not the end of Iran’s terrorist affiliations. It has backed an array of other wide ranged extremist groups besides Hezbollah.
- Iran has worked with various Shi’a factions in Iraq while Tehran has ties to the Sunni groups which consists of the Palestine Islamic Jihad, Iraqi Kurdish Organizations and Hamas. The fact that is even more striking is that, Iran has had ties and allied relationships with al-Qaeda as well as Taliban, despite knowing that the groups are often violent towards Shi’a and consider Iran’s leaders as quitters.
- The use of terrorism for sabotaging governments opposed by Iran, is common. Such examples range from bitter enemies like Saddam Hussein (Iraq) and trivial foes like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, which over time became its prime targets. The backing of an array of insurgent groups by Tehran has also led to causing terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Iran’s support and allied relationships with extremist / terrorists groups makes it a chief player in the Israeli-Palestinian and Israeli-Arab conflicts. This role rewarded Iran with a stature and swing in a broader Middle East region. The support of groups responsible for disrupting peace negotiations in war-struck nations turned out victorious for Iran.
Iran’s unconditional backing of violent groups like Hezbollah, Kurds and Al-Qaeda is a clear sign that they will remain loyal to Iran for alliance in times of escalating pressure or punishing a rival.