The Global Refugee Crisis
Across global media and social networks, there is an image of a poor desperate child laying down on a beach in front of the Greek border. The image and many more not only evoke the moral case of refugees, but also represent the lack of international response toward millions of people caught up in the war and starvation, who have been forced into exclusion.
The global refugee crisis cannot be denied. According to the 1951 Geneva convention, a refugee is someone with “a well-founded fear of being persecuted in his country of origin for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.” Millions of refugees are forced to flee their own countries due to war, gender issues, military coups, hard privatization economic policy, and massive human rights violations. In the Third World, where there has been a failure of buildling a durable state in the light of sectarianism, society’s division, and suppression of civil rights, there have been several conflicts with catastrophic consequences across the globe. The commonality between those countries is based on historical background. The majority of those countries have gained their independence after a long time period under colonial control. However, the independence was distorted and shapeless. The colonial authorities had created the borders, divided population groups, and established the armed forces. As a result, many new nations found themselves had drowned in internal conflict, competition for resources, and disputes over a border states generated unstable political condition and massive displacement waves. Even when the internal conflict did not expand to other neighbors, the expansion of the armed forces and their role in society, has been destabilized for many years.
According to the latest United Nation High Commission for Refugees report, the largest refugee movements since World War II included 9.5 million Syrians had been displaced and streamed toward the borders of Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, and later on, the European Union following Bashar al-Assad’s military operations.
Even though the UNHCR exerted maximum capacity to provide emergency relief and established programs with global partners to respond to the massive increasing of refugees, the efforts were a useless bandaid solution. While there were many positive instances of refugees integrating with their host countries, they were not equally welcome everywhere, especially not when they engage with labor market and compete with local communities for job opportunities. Indeed, host countries’ policymakers, who manage the political aspects of public policy, restrict refugees’ movement and enrollment in local education systems, which led to reinforce their misery.
Political problems compounded the difficulties. International community never faced such a large scale population movements, which concentrate to Western Europe and North America to claim asylum. Most of these new arrivals did not even suit the image of refugees for most host countries population. They generally had few political and cultural links with the industrialized societies. There ways of life were completely different. Therefore, the refugee crisis becomes the main part in the crossfire between politicians, in host countries, to achieve electoral political goals.
Rather than adopting a suitable approach to meet the crisis, politicians are running to close a doors to asylum seekers. During recent few decades, they have been building barriers by revising laws, asylum regulations, and procedures to make them more strict. Governments believe that actions will lead to a fewer asylum seekers. However, the refugee misery increased and they becomes the new victims of a smugglers and illegal immigration.
The article is a part of the research paper, I published it through Martlet and Ring which are local on campus magazines.