Comparative and superlative in Swedish I
Comparative and superlative
Hello beautiful reader! Today we are going to learn how to use comparative and superlative adjectives. This lesson is divided into two parts. The first one is dealing with comparative words and the second one with superlatives.
We have a decent knowledge and vocabulary base by now. We know many adjectives by heart. But there is one thing that we still cannot do in Swedish. We cannot compare things. We do not know how to say that something is bigger and better than something else. No worries, we are going to learn everything about it now.
Let’s start with the comparative form, which is used when comparing one thing to another. See the examples bellow:
Jag springer snabbare än dig.
I run faster than you.
Sommaren är varmare än vintern.
Summer is warmer than winter.
Bilen är dyrare än cykeln.
The car is more expensive than the bicycle.
It is not that difficult, is it? Look at the examples above once more. All of them are perfectly regular. The rule is pretty straight forward. Simply add -ARE at the end of the word and that is how we get the comparative form of the word — snabbARE equals fastER.
Now take a look at some other comparative examples:
enkel — simple
enklare — simpler
vacker — beautiful
vackrare — more beautiful
The previous adjectives are regular as well. We have added -ARE and subtracted -E. Why is it so? Because of the pronunciation of the word. Just try for yourself VACKERARE — that sounds goofy.
The second large group of comparative words consists of adjectives that use MER=MORE to compare things. It is usually used with longer adjectives (more than three syllables) and with adjectives that end in -ISK. Find the examples in the tables bellow:
intressant — interesting
mer intressant — more interesting
typisk — typical
mer typisk — more typical
Now it is time for some bad news. There are many adjectives (and usually the most common ones) that are irregular. We need to learn these by heart through reading, listening and practising. Here is a table with some of the irregular examples:
bra — good
bättre — better
dålig — bad
sämre — worse
liten — little
mindre — smaller
gammal — old
äldre — older
låg — low
lägre — lower
lång — long
längre — longer
stor — big
större — bigger
ung — young
yngre — younger
We have finished, it is all for today. Good job! Hit the next lesson button and proceed to the superlatives. See you soon, bye bye!
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