Interjections in Swedish
Today’s lesson is going to shed some light on interjections in the Swedish language.
Hello and welcome to MySwedish learning corner again! Today we are going to talk about very important parts of speech — INTERJECTIONS.
An interjection is a part of a speech which expresses emotions and feelings of a person. It is very common that they come first in the sentence and are usually marked off by a comma.
When answering to a positive yes/no question use JA/NEJ as in the example below:
Tänker du gå på bio?
If you want to express strong agreement use JAVISST and if you want to show that you are surprised or disinterested say JASÅ.
If you want to stress a positive response to a question that assumes a negative answer use JO!
Du tänker väl inte gå på bio?
JO! (Jag tänker att gå dit).
The following interjections express feelings or exclamations:
aj, o, puh
Aj, vad det gör ont!
oj, o, å
Oj, vad vackert!
usch, fy, hu
Usch, vad hemskt!
And how do we express short and quick commands in the Swedish language? Kusch, Hut! = Down! (to dogs), PTRO = Whoah (to horses), Hyssch = Shhh (to children), Giv akt! = Attention! (to soldiers).
Let’s take a look at sounds made by some objects:
pang — bang
plask — splash
bing-bång — ding-dong
The table below shows the interjections used when meeting people or parting:
Välkommen! (plural: Välkomna!) — Welcome!
Hej då! — Bye bye!
Vi ses! — See you!
Hej! — Hello!
Hejsan! — Hi there!
Use the phrases below when you want to express best wishes:
Skål! — Cheers!
Gott nytt år! — Happy New Year!
Varsågod! — You’re welcome!
Tack! — Thanks!
Tack så mycket! — Thank you!
Grattis! — Congratulations!
Prosit! — Bless you!
And what do we use when we want to express apologies?
Förlåt! — Sorry!
Ursäkta! — Excuse me!
För all del! — By all means!
Ursäkta/Förlåt? — Pardon/Could you repeat that?
Swear words are also part of the speech. However, it is not cool to use them. I am adding these just to complete the list. The first table shows not so nasty expressions whereas the second contains the really bad words.
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See you soon, bye bye!
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