Prepositions in Swedish related to time
Prepositions — expressions of time
Today we are going to talk about three prepositions that are connected to time and tenses.
Hello beautiful reader, this lesson is going to be quick. You like quick lesson, don't you? Basically there are four prepositions connected with tenses:
OM, I, PÅ, FÖR … SEDAN
“OM” — usage
Let's start with om. Om is always related to future which means it never refers to present or past. Take a look at the examples below when we use this preposition:
om en timme — in an hour
om en kvart — in 15 minutes
om en vecka — in a week
om en stund — in a while
One could make the following logical conclusion. Use om whenever there is in in an English sentence. Unfortunately it doesn't work like that. There is no such rule.
“I” — usage
I is an interesting preposition that refers to past, present and future. Let's move to examples using i:
imorgon — tomorrow
ikväll — this evening
i höst — this autumn
i påsk — at Easter
igår — yesterday
imorse — this morning (past)
i januari — this january
“FÖR … SEDAN “— USAGE
This one is friendly. It refers only to the past. The usage is pretty straight-forward:
för en månad sedan — a month ago
“PÅ” — usage
På is the number one preposition for all Swedish learners. There is a golden rule:
Whenever you are not sure which preposition you should use in any sentence try“på” …
The truth is that på is a very universal preposition but if you want to look like a someone who cares about the language please, do not follow the above mentioned rule and use it only when it should be used.
På refers to the future or is used when speaking generally. Here come some examples using på:
på onsdag — on Wednesday
på morgonen (borstar jag tänderna) — in the morning (I brush my teeth)
Prepositions are always a hard nut to crack in any language. And what I mean by that is that you need to learn how to use them by heart.
Good luck with learning Swedish and see you very soon. Bye bye!
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