Present tense in Swedish

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Present tense

We are going to look at verbs and present tense in Swedish today.

The present tense describes actions happening right now. The English language distinguishes between present simple — he runs and present continuous — he is running. There is no such distinction in Swedish. Both tenses are expressed in the very same way — han springer.

Unlike other languages, the Swedish present tense does not conjugate according to numbers or person. And that is awesome! Check the verb att ha which means to have:

Att ha = to have

jag HAR — I have
du HAR — you have
hon/han HAR — she/he has
vi HAR — we have
ni HAR — You have
de HAR — they have

See the tables bellow that determine three types of verbs in the Swedish present tense. All the verbs (with some exceptions) end with the letter –R. The first group are -AR verbs (you would love this one). The so called -AR verbs are 100% regular (and this will come in handy later on).

-AR verbs

jag HOPPAR — I JUMP
du PRATAR — you TALK
hon SIMMAR — she SWIMS

The second group consists of -ER verbs. This one contains both regular and irregular (strong) verbs.

-ER verbs

vi SKRIVER — we WRITE
ni SPRINGER — you RUN
de LÄSER — they READ

Last but not least the –R group of the verbs. These have a mix of both regular and irregular verbs.

-R verbs

jag BOR — I LIVE
du GÅR — you WALK
han STÅR — he STANDS

Booom! You’ve just learnt how easy the present tense is in Swedish. The Next Lesson is dealing with possessive pronouns.

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