Time and dates in Swedish
Time and dates
Hello and welcome again to MySwedish learning corner. This lesson deals with time and dates. It is going to be full of new words and phrases. Since there’s a lot to cover the lesson is divided into two parts to make it easier for you to study. Let’s get started.
We have gone through many lessons so far together but there is still a long way to go to master the Swedish language.
Get ready, sit back and let’s get down to business. We are going to start with the days of the week:
MÅNDAG — MONDAY
TISDAG — TUESDAY
ONSDAG — WEDNESDAY
TORSDAG — THURSDAY
FREDAG — FRIDAY
LÖRDAG — SATURDAY
SÖNDAG — SUNDAY
That wasn’t that difficult, right? And how can one say on Monday in Swedish/Hur säger man “on Monday” på svenska? It is as follows: på mondag or på måndagar if we want to say on Mondays. And last but not least, the phrase every Monday is varje måndag.
Oh, I almost forgot to mention how to say working days it’s vardagar in Swedish and weekend is helg.
And if you intended to ask a question whether or not one should write a capital letter in the beginning of the name of the day in the Swedish language, the answer is: NO, WE DON’T DO IT LIKE THAT. We always write it in a lowercase letter in the Swedish language.
Let’s continue with the names of the months of the year:
JANUARI — JANUARY
FEBRUARI — FEBRUARY
MARS — MARCH
APRIL — APRIL
MAJ — MAY
JUNI — JUNE
JULI — JULY
AUGUSTI — AUGUST
SEPTEMBER — SEPTEMBER
OKTOBER — OCTOBER
NOVEMBER — NOVEMBER
DECEMBER — DECEMBER
Another piece of cake, isn’t it? Let’s move to the seasons of the year for this moment:
VÅR — SPRING
SOMMAR — SUMMER
HÖST — AUTUMN
VINTER — WINTER
Spring and autumn are tricky and one can easily confuse höst/autumn and häst which stands for horse. And what does vår stand for? Yeah, you got that right, it can be our as well.
I JANUARI — IN JANUARY
PÅ VINTERN — IN THE WINTER
Please, note that the names of months ARE NOT written with an initial capital letter in the Swedish language!
ÅR — YEAR
ÅRTIONDE — DECADE
ÅRHUNDRADE — CENTURY
Let’s continue with the parts of a day:
EN MORGON — A MORNING
EN SOLUPPGÅNG — A SUNRISE
The preposition that is connected with the parts of the day is PÅ. The expression in the morning is på morgonen in the Swedish language.
EN MIDDAG — A NOON
When the Sun is up in the sky and you want to say at noon in Swedish, you have to say vid middagstid.
EN EFTERMIDDAG — AN AFTERNOON
As the day goes by and the Sun goes down the afternoon is here, and a twilight is coming.
EN KVÄLL — AN EVENING
EN SOLNEDGÅNG — A SUNSET
When the Moon/månen appears in the sky and the first star/stjärna starts to shine, the night has come and soon (unless you live in the very north) the day is about to end.
EN NATT — A NIGHT
EN MIDNATT — A MIDNIGHT
The expression at midnight is vid midnatt in the Swedish language.
Let me make a small timeline: yesterday => today => tomorrow would be i går => i dag => i morgon in Swedish.
And if you want to go even further to the past the day befor yesterday would be i förrigår or even further to the future the day after tomorrow woulde be i överimorgon.
When it comes to asking questions about the time you can use the following phrases:
WHAT TIME IS IT?
HUR MYCKET ÄR KLOCKAN?
VAD ÄR KLOCKAN?
And here comes some possible answers:
KLOCKAN ÄR NIO —9 o'clock
Please, note that there is no a.m. or p.m. in Swedish and klockan är nio means that it is 9 a.m.! The way to express 9 p.m. is as follows: klockan är nio på kvällen.
KLOCKAN ÄR HALV NIO —8:30 o’clock
It gets a bit goofy here, right? We will all have a bit of problems with this to a start, in the beginning.
KLOCKAN ÄR KVART ÖVER TVÅ — 2:15 o’clock
KLOCKAN ÄR KVART I TRE — 2:45 o’clock
KLOCKAN ÄR FEM I HALV NIO — 8:25 o’clock
KLOCKAN ÄR FEM ÖVER HALV TIO — 9:35 o’clock
We nailed it! The lesson is over and I hope that you like it. Vi ses snart!
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