Assessments and Information Outputs for the Mosul crisis

The assessments types for the Mosul response have been becoming more formalized and thorough over the months of the response and have benefited from planning in the weeks leading up to the response in October 2016. There are still some gaps and meetings are ongoing to fill these information gaps. This summary gives the situation at the present moment, as well as outlining the gaps and challenges.

(For more context see the first post on this topic — https://medium.com/@maljohnstone/structured-assessment-and-information-management-for-the-mosul-humanitarian-response-in-iraq-129863596dd8)

The Mosul situation is one where the emergency is prolonged, there is limited access to the affected areas, and the priority locations shift constantly. There are also various priority groups, who have some different and some similar characteristics.

Priority areas are rural villages and urban neighbourhoods that have had the frontline pass over them. They are often partially deserted and destroyed and usually lacking markets, electricity and water supply. Some of original inhabitants have often fled to internally displaced person’s (IDP) camps, informal camps or a variety of other temporary living situations.

Priority groups are:

  • IDPs in camps
  • IDPs out of camps
  • Host families and the IDPs they are hosting
  • Residents in conflict areas
  • Returnees to conflict areas
Example of an information product — a live map and printable profile — for the Rapid RASP assessment for Mosul

Due to the shifting nature of the Mosul emergency, rapid assessments need to be continually conducted, and in-depth assessments should follow. In the Mosul response there are several types of assessment undertaken and coordinated within the cluster system.

The current types of assessment are in the squares above. Each has the following outputs for use by decision-makers in the table below.

Multi-sectoral assessments for the humanitarian community in the Mosul crisis

Rapid RASP is a rapid form of the RASP (Risk assessment site prioritization). It is the (Camp Management and Camp Coordination Cluster’s (CCCM) multi-sectoral emergency data collection tool for formal and informal sites. It collects urgent needs and demographic details through observations & key informant interviews.

Products

~ High & Medium-level decision makers

  • Statistics on numbers of assessments, locations and families
  • Priority needs over one-month period

~ Mid-level decision makers

  • Weekly overview of completed assessments with sectoral needs indicated in each location.
Example of the weekly overview — red X’s flag issues in each sector

~ Low-level decision makers

  • Data table of indicators and locations
  • Map
  • Individual printable site profiles
  • Contact details of key informants

Full RASP is a detailed, multi-sector assessment of informal sites. This tool is used if more information is needed than the Rapid Rasp provides and partners have the time and capacity to deploy it.

Products

~ All products are in development and likely to be similar to the above

Formal Sites Monitoring Tool (FSMT) is a detailed multi-sector assessment of formal camps and emergency sites.

Products

~ High-level decision makers

  • Statistics on populations in camps, locations and families
  • Monthly priorities indicated by assessments

~ Mid-level decision makers

  • Presence of organizations in camps (3W)
  • Overview of all camps in Iraq with sectoral needs at an aggregate level
  • Individual printable site profiles

~ Low-level decision makers

  • Data table of indicators and locations
  • Map
  • Individual printable profiles

Rapid Protection Assessments (RPA) are undertaken in the event of sudden population movements, large scale evictions or situations where significant numbers of people are prevented from moving. It is a detailed but rapid analysis of protection concerns related to freedom of movement, access to safely the extent that the authorities are protecting all groups in the population. The area of focus of the RPA is the macro protection environment, not the general community needs nor the household level or individual case level.

Products

~ High & medium-level decision makers

  • The RPA produces a single narrative report on a situation that goes into some detail regarding the context, issues, possible reasons for the issues and possible interventions. The report is primarily for high and medium-level decision-makers.

Gaps

Assessments in areas of return have not been covered by any rapid or less rapid, multi-sectoral assessment. The following tools and associated products are recommended for production.

An example of a form for mobile data collection

Rapid Assessment Tool (proposed) is a first line quick assessment used in newly retaken villages to quickly access the needs. It fills a gap in the assessment framework as the Rapid RASP, also a rapid tool, only covers situations of displacement.

Products

~ High-level decision makers

  • High priority findings requiring immediate response
  • Statistics on numbers of assessments, locations and families
  • Maps showing locations visited

~ Mid-level decision makers

  • Daily summary of assessments with priority sectoral needs indicated in each location.
  • Map of locations visited

~ Low-level decision makers

  • Data table of indicators and locations
  • Map of locations visited
  • Individual printable site profiles
  • Contact details of key informants
  • Population information
  • Information on access constraints.

Area-based assessment (proposed) is designed as an in depth community-level assessment of retaken areas as a whole. It would include questions on extent of needs in various sectors and all groups affected — ie returnees, residents and IDPs. The objective would be to prioritise certain areas for assistance.

Products

~ High-level decision makers

  • High priority findings requiring immediate response
  • Analysis on the priority areas for assistance based on a comparison of needs in various sectors.
  • A narrative report outlining the methods, analysis conducted, finding and justification.

~ Mid-level decision makers

  • Needs in each sector presented by location.
  • Contextual issues, security and market analysis relevant to deciding on response options.
  • Map of locations visited

~ Low-level decision makers

  • Data table of indicators and locations
  • Map of locations visited
  • Individual printable site profiles
  • Contact details of key informants
  • Population information
  • Information on access constraints.