Lessons that we learn from Characters in one of the greatest epic Mahabharata- Part 1

Mahabharata is a Hindu mythological epic that has been considered as one of the most important scriptures of the Hindu religion along with Ramayana. Mahabharata has a wide. variety of characters and each of them plays an important role in their own well-defined way. this article has a depiction of the prominent characters, who have made a huge impact during the whole journey of Mahabharata.


The only character that stays throughout the Mahabharata is Bheeshma or Pitamaha as he is also addressed. Bheeshma is full of enigma. He is the most difficult person to understand. He is the one who understood the desires of his father, but also the one who failed to raise his voice when he saw his grandson’s injustice towards Draupadi. For a person who would see him from out, he would seem to be highly disciplined and embodiment of Loyalty. But what we forget to notice is, he was filled with solitariness and frustration. You can find how he always had two voices fighting inside him. This shows how his mind and body weren’t in one place. The war is an absolute example of this scenario, where he is physically with the Kauravas, and mentally he is with the Pandavas wishing them to win.

The lesson to be learned by Bheeshma is knowing what is right but not withholding the righteousness can cause more harm and damage to the society than the one who doesn’t know what is right and keep making mistakes. Therefore if you know what is right unless and until you stand up for what is right, the purpose isn’t served.


Arjuna is known for walking the right path always. He is the one who impressed his master by his undisturbed focus and attention. The one who is known for his intelligence and also for his complete control of his senses. He never left his virtue in the name of fear or anger or lust. He is shown as a person who does not get swayed away by victory or doesn’t get depressed for a loss. But he is also joyful in all states of his life. He is well aware of his strengths and also is prepared for battle for any day. But knowing everything that Kaurava had done to him and his family, you can see how he starts feeling bad for waging a war against his brothers. He hesitates to kill them as he thinks they are his family.

The lesson learned from Arjuna, you could be the greatest of person in everything you do. You might know that you are powerful and you are capable of gaining the unattainable. If you become emotionally week, the physical power and all the strengths within you will not support you. This is what happened to Arjuna, even after knowing how he is the best archer, he couldn’t aim in the battlefield due to his emotional weakness. Mental strength is equally important with your physical strength.


Yudhishthira is known for his attachment to morality, truth, and commitment. He is innocent of all the brothers. He is also the non-aggressive one. He had never-ending patience with everything that was happening around him. He was known for keeping his word. He also had a weakness of gambling. He was so well known for keeping his word that even his enemies used the same strength to make it against his own self. Being a man of morality, but still having those two weaknesses lead him to be a helpless man during the whole episode of Kauravas injustice.

The lesson to be learned from Yudhishthira, it is good to be a man who keeps up his words. But when the circumstances demand, he or she must be willing to change it. Only because he has given a word doesn’t mean he couldn’t protect his own wife. As a rightful husband, it was his duty to protect her when she needed the most. Therefore, as it is important to keep up to your words, equally important is to be ready to change it when it is necessary.

Please note: This is purely my own opinions and this might contain information that is biased and not factual, as Mahabharata as the scripture has too many versions of its own. I have written based on my own knowledge from reading from various authors. I am open to any comments and would accept it gracefully.

Assistant Professor, Counsellor and a Blogger