Sheep It render farm is a community-driven render farm, where individuals render each others’ Blender frames.

I’ve been an avid contributor to this service, I have gathered more than 10,000,000 points by rendering other people’s frames.

Having so many points puts me first in the render queue if I render something, so I decided to make a small test.


with Windows on the side

This article is aimed at distro hoppers who like to install multiple Linux distributions to their system drive and to be able to replace them with minimal effort when new ones come along. This is written especially digital artists and Blender users in mind. However, this article is only about the modern motherboards that have a UEFI BIOS. Required skill level: pretty much a beginner.

If you’re anything like me, about every six months you get the urge to wipe your system-disk and start from scratch and see how the latest Linux distributions have developed and if this time some…


And how is it different from Windows and Mac OS X?

Larger CC-0 licensed version of this image can be found here. Also a version without the background.

Just like Windows and Mac OS X, Linux is a computer operating system. It is free and open-source.

There isn’t just one Linux operating system in the world, there are hundreds of different ones. Both free and commercial ones, usually free.

Because there are so many different Linux operating systems available, they are often called as Linux distributions (also called as Linux distro).

The term “Linux” can mean two things:

  1. Linux distribution (Linux operating system)
  2. Linux kernel

Also term GNU/Linux is often used, more about this in the section ‘The term “Linux”’ in the bottom of this article.

Linux distribution

A server or a bare essentials Linux distribution usually consist of:

  1. The Linux…


Often NVIDIA drivers have been the cause for most of my head ache in getting my Linux installations to work well. After installing a distro, one of the most important things for me is to get CUDA working in Blender as quickly and easily as possible.

CUDA option in Blender’s User Preferences panel in System tab

I’ve formed a couple of basic rules for getting CUDA to work. I really prefer the distro’s built-in way of installing the drivers rather than trying to use terminal for shutting down the distro’s display manager and installing the drivers that way.

If the following advice don’t help, this is a helpful place to…


In order to benefit of PPA’s, you need a Ubuntu-based Linux distribution.

Most often an Ubuntu-based distribution’s default software manager has very outdated versions of the software I want to use. Also, it would take quite some time to download them from their websites by hand separately.

This is where PPAs come in handy.

PPAs are Personal Package Archives, that basically are usually up-to-date software built from the software’s source code by regular people. Some are official, some are just hobby versions. Anyone can create and keep maintaining a PPA service in Launchpad (where most of the PPAs are found)…


Useful applications for everyday life. Last updated: 2016–11–06

Visualise your hard drive’s contents

Linux: GdMap (Graphical Disk Map), Baobab, K4DirStat

MacOS X: Disk Inventory X

Windows: WinDirStat

GdMap visualizes how different files use disk space in your hard drive. By pointing big blocks you see what files use the most of it and you can delete them straight from the application. Disk Inventory X and WinDirStat work in the same manner as well.

GdMap running in Linux (Manjaro XFCE)

Easystroke

Easystroke is a gesture control application for a whole Linux operating system. Here, take a look on how it works:

Installing it into a Ubuntu-based distro in Terminal:

# Install Easystroke:sudo apt install easystroke

Launch it by pressing…


Last updated: 2017–01–01

Running the screenfetch command in the Terminal. You need to install Screenfetch first for it to work: sudo apt install screenfetch in ubuntu-based systems

I don’t usually use much Terminal in Linux, but for some things it’s a very handy tool. Every now and then I read a nice article about using it and so I decided to gather some of the most basic and useful hints into this article. Here’s another good article about it. (Also this and this, I need to add more of this stuff to this article later)

Open it

Open terminal with Ctrl+Alt+T, or Super+T (Windows-key + T) or just by finding it from the menus. In KDE desktop environment the terminal is often called Konsole.

Quit terminal with Ctrl+Shift+Q

Jump in

#…


Generally I like to have my files in one of four places. Work, Storage, Dropbox or the Archives.

Work

  • About 25 GB EXT4 partition from the fast system SSD drive
  • Mount point: /work
  • Temporary space, usually for work-in-progress projects that benefit from the speed of the SSD partition, like large EXR sequences. After the project is done, it goes backed up to Archives. When I get a new larger SSD, Dropbox will be located here as well.

Storage

  • A large 3 TB NTFS hard disk partition
  • Mount point: /storage
  • The Storage HDD partition includes Dropbox, that has any current files or projects…


After downloading an operating system .iso image from a distro’s website, it makes sense to run a fast verifying command to see if it has transferred without errors. Here are some good instructions of how it’s done in Windows, Mac OS X or Ubuntu.

So, in Linux, for example, just open the Terminal application (usually Ctrl+Alt+T), go to the directory where the .iso is and run the sha256sum command (might be different depending on what distro you downloaded):

# Change directory to where you downloaded the .iso image (ie. Downloads folder in your Home):cd ~/Downloads/# Run the command…


Bootable distro USB sticks

Below I’m demonstrating a command-line way of writing the .iso image of Xubuntu onto a USB stick. Ubuntu’s site and Elementary OS’s site have good instructions on how to do this in Windows, Mac OS X or Ubuntu.

Or just use the super simple cross-platform application Etcher to write the image:

Manu Järvinen

Animator, 3D modeler and illustrator. Likes open-source stuff like Blender, Linux, Gimp & Krita. And Demoscene. Support me on Patreon.com/manujarvinen

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