What Plants Can Bearded Dragons Eat?

Marcie Pratt
7 min readJul 3, 2023

Can I feed my bearded dragon fresh plants? Yes! Bearded dragons can have fresh veggies and some fruit in their diet! My bearded dragon, Frank, enjoys a diet of crunchy beardy food and some sassy cilantro. Yep! He scarfs it when I leave some in his dish. But I wondered, what else can I feed my bearded dragon? He would probably enjoy a more diverse diet and appreciate a variety of food options just like we do! So, let’s buckle down and answer this question: What plants can bearded dragons eat?

Bearded dragon
Bearded dragon

In order to provide the best care for your beloved pet bearded dragon, it is crucial to create a habitat that closely mimics their natural environment. One essential element to consider is their diet, and incorporating live plants can be a game-changer for their overall health and well-being. Let’s explore the myriad of plants that can be safely included in your bearded dragon’s diet. Discovering the right plant choices not only adds a touch of nature to their tank but also offers a wealth of nutritional benefits. So, let’s dive in and explore the wide array of safe and nutritious plant options that can be a great addition to your bearded dragon’s enclosure.

Safe and Nutritious Plants for Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons require a balanced diet that provides them with essential nutrients for their growth and well-being. Incorporating safe plants that are nutritious into their diet is an excellent way to meet their dietary needs. Here are some top choices of plants that are not only safe but also offer great nutritional value for your bearded dragon:

Leafy Greens

Leafy greens are a staple food for bearded dragons and are packed with essential nutrients. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber, making them an ideal choice for maintaining a healthy diet. Two excellent options for leafy greens are Mustard Greens and Collard Greens.

Mustard Greens:

Mustard greens are highly nutritious and provide a range of health benefits for your bearded dragon. They are a great source of vitamin A, vitamin C, and calcium, which are essential for their overall well-being. When serving mustard greens, ensure they are thoroughly washed and cut into small pieces to make it easier for your pet to consume.

Collard Greens:

Collard greens are another fantastic leafy green option for your bearded dragon’s diet. They are rich in vitamin A, vitamin K, and calcium, which promote healthy bone growth and support their immune system. To include collard greens in their diet, chop them into small pieces and mix them with other vegetables or staple foods.

Edible Plants

Certain edible plants can be a great addition to your bearded dragon’s diet, offering both nutrition and variety. Two safe and nutritious options are Prickly Pear Cactus and Swiss Chard.

Prickly Pear Cactus:

Prickly pear cactus is an excellent choice of plant material for your bearded dragon. It provides hydration due to its high water content and offers essential nutrients such as calcium, potassium, and vitamin C. When offering prickly pear cactus, remove the spines and thorns, and provide small pieces for your pet to consume.

Prickly Pear Cactus
Prickly Pear Cactus

Swiss Chard:

Swiss chard is a green plant that adds color and variety to your bearded dragon’s diet. It is rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like calcium and magnesium. Including Swiss chard in their meals can help support their overall health and provide them with essential nutrients.

By incorporating these leafy greens and edible plants into your bearded dragon’s diet, you are ensuring they receive a well-rounded and nutritious meal. Remember to introduce new foods gradually and monitor your pet’s response to ensure they are enjoying and benefiting from these plant choices.

​Best Options for Bearded Dragon Enclosure

Creating a suitable and stimulating habitat for your bearded dragon goes beyond just their diet. Including live plants in their enclosure can enhance their living environment, provide additional hiding spots, and offer a sense of their natural habitat. Here are some of the best options for plants that thrive in bearded dragon enclosures:

Bearded dragon in a tank with plants
Bearded dragon

Hardy Plants

Hardy plants are resilient and can withstand the conditions within a bearded dragon’s tank. They require minimal care and can add a touch of greenery to your pet’s habitat. Two popular choices for hardy plants are Spider Plants and Haworthia Plants.

Spider Plants:

Spider plants are an excellent choice for bearded dragon enclosures. They are known for their air-purifying properties and ability to thrive in various lighting conditions. Spider plants also create a lush and vibrant environment for your pet. Ensure that they are placed in areas where your bearded dragon can’t access or nibble on the leaves.

Spider plant

Haworthia Plants:

Haworthia plants are low-maintenance succulents that are safe for bearded dragon enclosures. They require minimal watering and can withstand the arid conditions often found in these habitats. Haworthia plants come in a variety of shapes and sizes, adding visual interest and natural beauty to your pet’s tank.

Haworthia plant variety
Haworthia plant variety

Low-Maintenance Plants

If you’re looking for plants that require even less maintenance, there are options that thrive with minimal care. These plants are perfect for bearded dragon owners who may not have a green thumb or are looking for fuss-free plant choices. Two such plants are Echeveria Plants and Air Plants.

  1. Echeveria Plants:

Echeveria plants are hardy succulents that can tolerate dry conditions and require little water. They come in a variety of striking shapes and colors, making them an attractive addition to your bearded dragon’s enclosure. These plants prefer full sun or bright indirect light, so ensure they are placed in areas that receive adequate light within the tank.

Echeveria, Magic red
Echeveria, Magic Red
  1. Air Plants:

Air plants, also known as Tillandsias, are unique plants that don’t require soil to grow. They can attach themselves to various surfaces using their roots and absorb moisture and nutrients from the air. Air plants are low-maintenance and can thrive in the drier conditions of a bearded dragon’s habitat. They add a touch of whimsy and can be placed in creative ways within the tank.

Air plants in a dish on a table
Air plants

Including these hardy and low-maintenance plants in your bearded dragon’s enclosure not only enhances their living space but also provides a sense of their natural environment. Just ensure that the plants are securely potted or positioned to prevent your pet from accidentally knocking them over or consuming any parts that may be harmful.

Important Considerations and Tips

When incorporating live plants into your bearded dragon’s habitat, there are some important considerations and tips to keep in mind to ensure their safety and well-being.

Safety Precautions

Avoiding Toxic Plants: Bearded dragons are sensitive to certain plants that may be toxic to them. It’s crucial to research and avoid any plants that could potentially harm your pet. Some common plants that are toxic to bearded dragons include certain types of lilies, ivy, and philodendrons. Always double-check the safety of a plant before introducing it into their enclosure.

Recognizing Signs of Plant Toxicity: Keep a close eye on your bearded dragon’s behavior and health after introducing new plants. If you notice any signs of lethargy, loss of appetite, vomiting, or unusual behavior, it could indicate plant toxicity. In such cases, promptly remove the plant and consult a veterinarian.

Supplementing their Diet

  1. Calcium Supplement: Bearded dragons require calcium for healthy bone growth and development. While live plants contribute to their calcium intake, it’s essential to supplement their diet with a calcium powder specifically formulated for reptiles. Dusting their food with calcium powder a few times a week helps ensure they receive an adequate calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. I feed my bearded dragon crickets dusted in calcium powder. It is a super easy addition to their diet.
  2. Vitamin D and Vitamin C: Vitamin D is crucial for the absorption of calcium, and vitamin C supports their immune system. While bearded dragons can produce vitamin D through exposure to direct sunlight, providing a UVB light source is recommended to ensure they receive sufficient amounts. Additionally, consider offering small amounts of vitamin C-rich foods, such as bell peppers, as part of their diet.

By taking these safety precautions and providing appropriate supplements, you can ensure your bearded dragon’s health and well-being when introducing live plants into their habitat.

Incorporating live plants into your bearded dragon’s diet and habitat is a fantastic way to create a natural and stimulating environment for your reptile companion. Leafy greens, edible plants, and hardy or low-maintenance decorative plants offer a variety of safe and nutritious options to enhance their diet and enclosure. Remember to choose plants carefully, avoiding toxic varieties, and keep a close eye on your pet’s response to new additions. By providing a balanced diet and a thriving habitat, you’ll be ensuring a happy and healthy life for your beloved bearded dragon.

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Marcie Pratt

Just a small town girl writing her way through small town life.