The people created a revolution, got rid of the dictator, elected a new president, got rid of him and now they are ruled by a temporary non-elected government. This doesn’t make any sense. Well, I will tell what’s happening. I will also try my best to not take sides in order for you to understand the whole picture.
In 1981, Mubarak took the position of being president of one of the most important countries in Africa and the Middle East. Most of the people loved him, as he was known as the Commander of the Air Force during the war with Israel in 1973. The first couple of years, he was doing well with improving the economy, maintaining international relations and building a solid infra-structure for the country. But things don’t last forever. The economy started to shatter. The political opposition such as the “MB”- Muslim Brotherhood and the other Parties were being eliminated and put in to prison.
Freedom of speech? Only if you support the president, unless you want to spend the next 10 years in jail.
Social Justice? Only if you have a lot of cash to invest and are a monopoly in the industry.
Bread? The Only thing you can get for almost free is bread. All other groceries and food began to inflate.
Egypt began to depend on foreign goods through exporting instead of producing its own goods. Education was there to teach you to think in a certain way. More like a mask that restricts looking to the side. To sound good in the eyes of the young generation, Mubarak’s history with the war was written in textbooks and his photo was a “must” to hang in every school, private or public.
The police were so brutal to anyone who they thought looked suspicious to the fact that they would beat a person until they died. Khaled Said met death from a similar situation, which resulted in one of the strongest triggers to the Revolution.
On the 25th of January 2011, the people revolted.
The three main causes of the revolution were: Bread, Freedom, and Social Justice. Tahrir Square was the main place for protest gathering and a symbol of the revolution. Protests happened all over the country. After 11 days, Mubarak resigned and the military took the position of the transaction to a new freely elected president. Five important people applied for presidency: two Pro-Revolution, two MB, one Air Force commander, and one Ex-minister of foreign affairs.
The MB were popular then. Firstly, they were the “Social Security” of the poor people during Mubarak era. Furthermore, they gave away food, clothes, and did charity work and their main slogan was “Islam is the solution”. The two Pro-Revolution candidates opposed each other so much that the votes for a Pro-revolution president were split into two. The Air Force commander was popular for certain people because some were looking for an experienced president that would drive Egypt from the chaos it was living in the last two years.
Results were out; finalists were the Air Force commander and the MB. The MB won the presidency.
Activists blamed the Military for not handling the election properly. The military used violence against protesters who opposed the rule of the military during the transaction process. The constitution was written after the elections, which was supposed to be the other way around, as to not give the elected president power to participate in writing it.
People protested against Morsi (MB), who was known to be the first freely- elected president in Egypt. Their reason was that the constitution was not written properly. The Parliament and the constitution community were mostly MB. During the election, the MB promised a 100-day plan that would make Egypt a better place. However, only 10 % of their plan was fulfilled.
A Group of young activists formed a petition to overthrow the new president. It was the only way to overthrow him as he was protected by the constitution. The Judicial Branch that was monitoring the president actions was attacked by the constitutional declaration.
On the 30th of June, Massive protests went against Morsi. The number of people ranged and could not be estimated precisely, but it was not less than a 7 digit number. He refused to step down even after the military asked him to correct the situation. On the 3rd of July, the number of people kept rising, and the military decided to take action and oust Morsi from his position as a president.
Debates were opened as whether the ouster of Morsi was a Revolution or a military coup. Protests from the Pro-Morsi side rose, stating that the move was anti-democratic and Morsi was still the legitimate president of Egypt. The Military couldn’t handle the protests and used violence to separate them.
Today, Egypt is divided. The only way Egypt has a chance to stand up on its feet and rise as a strong nation is to unite.
We need to put our political difference aside. To be a secular or a religious country? It does not matter when first we have to provide food to the people who are starving. What if we worked together to ameliorate Egypt’s basic needs: Bread, Freedom and Social Justice? What if we stood together to fight corruption, instead of fighting each other? What if we work to provide high quality of education, end poverty, give access to health insurance, create jobs, and give tourism a boost? If only Egypt could unite.