Plaque Control for oral Health

Plaque control is the most vital technique for constraining periodontists and keeping up gingival health. This must be considered at two levels: what people can accomplish themselves with proper home care and what dental practitioners and hygienists can do to remove plaque.

Tooth brushing

The most critical plaque control strategy is tooth brushing, which should be an everyday routine beginning right from the childhood. Parents make it a practice to brush their kid’s teeth ( toothpaste with fluoride shouldn’t be used until age of 2 years) when the first tooth shows up in the mouth. From age 2 years, a small sized (pea-sized) measure of toothpaste containing 1,000–1,500 ppm fluoride is prescribed.

Parents must continue brushing their kid’s teeth until the kid creates adequate manual ability to successfully brush his or her own teeth which normally happens at the age of seven years. Parents have to make it sure that the permanent molar teeth, which grow in at the back of the mouth at about the age of seven years, are supposed to be included into the brushing routine soon after they appear. Regardless of age, the techniques of tooth brushing are to be guided to people.

The exact strategy is less essential than the outcome, which is that plaque is removed successfully without making harm the teeth or gum.

Recommended tooth brushing procedures

A proper toothbrush with soft to medium fiber bristles and a fluoride containing toothpaste are general requirements of everyday brushing. While brushing the teeth one must make it sure proper use of the toothbrush in a manner that will remove the plaque. Brushing your teeth after every meal will prevent plaque to gather on enamel and ensures better oral care.

Aids to Plaque removal

The removal of plaque could be carried out by two ways:

  • Agents to disclose plaque.
  • Dental floss and other oral cleansing aids.
  • Mouth rinses.

The agents which are used to reveal plaque will do it simply by adding a pigment to plaque in order to make it more visible. These agents could be used after teeth are brushed to be able to see the location of plaque. Hence plaque disclosing agents will not remove the plaque; they are indicators to guide you about where you have missed during brushing. Dental floss and cleaning aids if used consistently can be highly effective in removal of plaque. An additional method of plaque control is the use of antiseptics, of which chloro-hexidine is the most effective.