Epistemology is the study of knowledge and skepticism is a field in modern epistemological inquires. Skepticism can be both very fascinating and frustrating since it questions reality. Consider this simple situation: John thinks that he is currently watching a movie, but how can he prove that he is watching a movie? What if he is in his bed sleeping and dreaming that he is watching a movie and it is giving him the illusion that he is at a movie theater. These questions belong to skepticism since they are challenging the validity of knowledge. There are three famous skeptical schemes…


Time is an unconscious day-to-day “thing” that humans experience, yet it is also a convoluted concept that is extremely arduous to fully understand or to perceive. What is time? How does time work? Are humans capable of understanding time with their physical limitations? Time is a quality of existence and a dimension of space that defines the duration between events. Furthermore, time quantifies the rate of change of physical and conceptual objects. This is essential for the existence of the universe and is therefore crucial for the existence of humanity. Without time, no event could begin, progress or end. Time…


The Simulation Hypothesis, Determinism, Free-Will and More…

Image Source: http://rickandmorty.wikia.com/wiki/File:S1e4_edge.png

Have you ever wondered if the world that we live in is real? Or ever had the thought that we all could be “living” (more like playing) in a virtual reality game? Life and death is really just joining and leaving the game?

With the emergence of modern technologies: games getting more real, computers getting faster, and artificial intelligence getting smarter. It raises the question: is it possible that we are merely “game” characters in a simulation? Before I dive into explaining a possible method of proving/disproving the simulation hypothesis, lets list some possible hypotheses.

  1. We are living in a…


A story of how I interpret reality and my journey to decipher consciousness.

If I remember correctly, the first ever philosophical “moment” that I had since my birth was in senior kindergarten. It may sound silly to say that a five year old kid had an exquisite thought. Frankly, I wasn’t trying to be deep, I was merely expressing my true inner feelings. Because my family moved, the five year old me was forced to change kindergarten. I was quite sad as you can imagine without any people to play with me, at least for the first week. …

Mark Zhang

A software engineering student with some philosophical and musical thoughts.

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