Tutorial: How to useΒ MySQL

In this tutorial you’ll learn how to install and use MySQL with your project πŸš€

You can find the result of this tutorial on githubΒ here

This tutorial is a natural follow-up of How to write Controllers. You can either go for that tutorial first and come back later or be a rebel, skip it and read on 😊


Index

1. Install Homebrew
2. Install MySQL
3. Create and generate a new project
4. Configure your project to use MySQL


1. InstallΒ Homebrew

If you don’t have it yet I highly recommend to get it. It makes it super easy for you to install dependencies like MySQL. To install Homebrew execute the following in your terminal:

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

We will also install brew services. It will make it incredibly easy to start the MySQL server and let it start alongside with your mac! That’s awesome ✨!

brew tap homebrew/services

Now whenever you want to know what services are running just execute:

brew services list

2. InstallΒ MySQL

Installing MySQL with Homebrew is so easy, what am I even here for πŸ˜„?

brew install mysql

That’s it. Now to start mysql just execute the following command:

brew services start mysql
See how easy brew services makes it? mysql now starts alongside your mac!

We will now set a password for the root user by simply executing:

mysql_secure_installation

It’s a weird command but go for it and answer as the following:

  • VALIDATE PASSWORD PLUGIN: no
  • When asked for a password I used: root (use whatever feels save 😊)
  • Remove anonymous user: yes
  • Disallow root login from remote: yes
  • Remove the test database: yes
  • Reload privilege tables now: yes

That’s it for the installation!

Now let’s create a database that we want to be used by our project. To create a new database we will need to login into our mysql server with:

mysql -uroot -proot
NOTE: -u stands for user and -p for password. I know, captain obvious πŸ‘¨πŸΌβ€πŸš€

Now that we are within our mysql server create a database with:

CREATE DATABASE `mycooldb` CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;

You could have created a database also by just typing:

CREATE DATABASE `mycooldb`;

But we use the command with utf8 in it. It’s considered best practice πŸ€“

Terminal Cheatsheet:

connect to mysql server:  mysql -uroot -proot
within server list databases: SHOW DATABASES;
within server to exit server: exit

Finally you’d have to install cmysql which is needed for the MySQLProvider:

brew install vapor/tap/cmysql

Alrighty! You are ready for step 3. Create and generate a new project 😊


3. Create and generate a newΒ project

We will use the outcome of the tutorial mentioned in the beginning as a template to create our new project:

vapor new projectName --template=vaporberlin/my-first-controller --branch=vapor-2

Before we generate an Xcode project we’d have to add the MySQLProvider as a dependency and also change the package name within Package.swift:

// swift-tools-version:4.0
import PackageDescription
let package = Package(
name: "projectName", // changed
products: [
.library(name: "App", targets: ["App"]),
.executable(name: "Run", targets: ["Run"])
],
dependencies: [
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/vapor.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "2.1.0")),
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/leaf-provider.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "1.1.0")),
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/fluent-provider.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "1.3.0")),
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/mysql-provider.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "2.0.0")) // added
],
targets: [
.target(name: "App", dependencies: ["Vapor", "LeafProvider", "FluentProvider", "MySQLProvider"],
exclude: [
"Config",
"Public",
"Resources",
]),
.target(name: "Run", dependencies: ["App"]),
.testTarget(name: "AppTests", dependencies: ["App", "Testing"])
]
)

Now in the terminal at the root directory projectName/ execute:

vapor update -y

It may take a bit fetching the dependency, but when done you should have a project structure like this:

projectName/
β”œβ”€β”€ Package.swift
β”œβ”€β”€ Sources/
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ App/
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ Controllers/
β”‚ β”‚ β”‚ └── UserController.swift
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ Models/
β”‚ β”‚ β”‚ └── User.swift
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ Routes/
β”‚ β”‚ β”‚ └── Routes.swift
β”‚ β”‚ └── Setup/
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ Config+Setup.swift
β”‚ β”‚ └── Droplet+Setup.swift
β”‚ └── Run/
β”œβ”€β”€ Tests/
β”œβ”€β”€ Config/
β”œβ”€β”€ Resources/
β”œβ”€β”€ Public/
β”œβ”€β”€ Dependencies/
└── Products/

If you now cmd+r or run we should be able to access the /user route 😊!

Note: make sure to select Run as a scheme next to your button before running theΒ app

4. Configure your project to useΒ MySQL

First thin we need is a configuration file that holds our database information. Create a new Folder within Config/ and name it secrets/ and within here create a file named mysql.json and insert the following configuration:

{
"hostname": "127.0.0.1",
"user": "root",
"password": "root",
"database": "mycooldb"
}

Then we will tell fluent to use mysql as a driver. So in Config/fluent.json:

{
...
  "driver": "mysql",
  ...
}

Lastly we will add the MySQLProvider within Setup/Config+Setup.swift:

import LeafProvider
import FluentProvider
import MySQLProvider // added
extension Config {
public func setup() throws {
try setupProviders()
try setupPreparations()
}
  private func setupProviders() throws {
try addProvider(LeafProvider.Provider.self)
try addProvider(FluentProvider.Provider.self)
try addProvider(MySQLProvider.Provider.self) // added
}
  private func setupPreparations() throws {
preparations.append(User.self)
}
}

Our final cmd+r or run and refresh of /user and that’s it! You successfully configured your project to use a mysql database πŸŽ‰ πŸš€ πŸŽ‰


Thank you a lot for reading! If you have any questions or improvementsβ€Šβ€”β€Šwrite a comment! I would love to hear from you! 😊