Statistics have shown that in Kampala alone, the per capita generation of garbage is 1kg of waste per day. With a total population of about 4 million people every day in Kampala, it’s estimated that we generate 5000 tonnes of solid waste daily and the city authority estimates the daily tonnage to increase to about 60 000 in the coming few years, KCCA can only manage to collect 40–50% of this because they lack enough garbage collection trucks.
Because of this, the city authority decided to contract private waste haulers that can help them maximize waste collection in the city. This was a good move in increasing the percentage of waste collected from people’s homes.
However, according to UBO statistics, there are over 418k homes in Kampala, in the urban areas of Kampala, a lot of people spend much of their time at workplaces and more time at home on weekends.
The challenge with the current garbage collection system to people who spend most of their time at work is they miss collections because they’re hardly available at their homes when these collectors pass by, or on the other hand when they’re home, the garbage collectors are never seen.
What is also true about the current garbage collection system in Kampala, at some point is a lot of homes are seen complaining of missed collection days yet trucks are seen passing by their homes daily.
A lot of garbage collection companies in Kampala are all competing to sign up businesses and buildings and are scared to sign up homes as their customers because the organization of this market is way still disorganized.
A garbage collection company can ably decide to send a truck to pick up trash from a business or building in Makindye than it would decide if it was one person, which is totally understandable. The private waste haulers are interested in quantities, send a truck to Kawempe and let it come back full.
The biggest problems of waste collection in Kampala are stemming from the lack of organization of homes and garbage collection companies. So how do we solve this, how do we ensure we have enough capacity to service the entire city with the fewer trucks we got, how do we monitor and rate services provided by these private waste haulers among other questions.
The whole idea of why we started working on Yo-Waste was to help address some of these problems. We believe technology can do better solving some of these problems the way it has been in other industries.
Organizing the market in several industries is crucial especially when the service being carried out hasn’t been that effective. At Yo-Waste, we want to transform the waste management industry to that point that people appreciate the work carried out by garbage collectors (AKA aba kasasiro) in our community.
In my next post, I’ll explain how we are building an efficient garbage collection system in Kampala and how we plan to have a garbage collection truck on every route everywhere in Kampala all this using our technology.