Lugesin Masanobu Fukuoka raamatut “The One-Straw Revolution”


Kui me kasvatame oma juurikaid ja loomi oma metsikus elus, siis loomulikult on tähtis, et mis mõte selle taga on. Mul on väga hea meel, et sai soovituse lugeda ökoloogise maaharimise kuulsamat meest. 1978. aastal ilmus jaapani farmeri Masanobu Fukuoka märkmetest tõlgitud raamatut “The One-Straw Revolution”.

Jaapani muld ja päike on loomulikult teistsugused, kui meie neli aastaaega ja Lõuna-Eesti kliima. Aga kõige tähtsam ongi praktika. Ja puhas toit igapäevase rõõmu alus.

Mõned lõigud raamatust. Soovitan lugeda kõigil (väike)põllumeestel, toitumisnõustajatel ja üleüldse ökoloogilisest maailmavaatest huvitatuil:


“In raising children, many parents make the same mistake I made in the orchard at first. For example, teaching music to children is an unnecessary as pruning orchard trees. A child’s ear catches the music. The murmuring of a stream, the sound of frogs croaking by the riverbank, the rustling of leaves in the forest, all these natural sounds are music — true music. But when a variety of disturbing noises enter and confuse the ear, the child’s pure, direct appreciation of music degenerates. If left to continue along that path, the child will be unable to hear the call of a bird or the sound of the wind as songs. That is why music education is thought to be beneficial to the child’s development.”

“Scientists think they can understand nature. That is the stand they take. Because they are convinced that they can understand nature, they are committed to investigating nature and putting it to use. But I think an understanding of nature lies beyond the reach of human intelligence.”

“Nature, left alone, is in perfect balance. Harmful insects and plant diseases are always present, but do not occur in nature to an extent which requires the use of poisonous chemicals.”

“If you want to get an idea of the natural fertility of the earth, take a walk to the wild mountainside sometime and look at the giant trees that grow without fertilizer and without cultivation. The fertility of nature, as it is, is beyond reach of the imagination.”

“If you think commercial vegetables are nature’s own, you are in for a big surprise. These vegetables are a watery chemical concoction of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash, with a little help from the seed. And that is just how they taste. And commercial chicken eggs (you can call them eggs if you like) are nothing more than a mixture of synthetic feed, chemicals, and hormones. This is not a product of nature but a man made synthetic in the shape of an egg. The farmer who produces vegetables and egss of this kind, I call a manufacturer.”

“The other day someone from NHK television came by and asked me to say something about the flavor of natural food. We talked, and then I asked him to compare the eggs laid by the hens in the coop down below with those of the chickens running free up in the orchard. He found that the yolks of the eggs laid by the chickens cooped up on the typical chicken ranch were soft and watery and their color was pale yellow. He observed that the yolks of the eggs laid by the chickens living wild on the mountain were firm and resilient and bright orange in color. When the old man who runs the sushi restaurant in town tasted one of these natural eggs, he said that this was a “real egg,” just like in the old days, and rejoiced as if it were some precious treasure.”

“Food and medicine are not two different things: they are the front and back of one body. Chemically grown vegetables may be eaten for food, but they cannot be used as medicine.”

“Fast rather than slow, more rather than less — this flashy “development” is linked directly to society’s impending collapse. It has only served to separate man from nature. Humanity must stop indulging the desire for material possessions and personal gain and move instead toward spiritual awareness.”

“There is no time in modern agriculture for a farmer to write a poem or compose a song.”

“”Whether autumn will bring wind or rain, I cannot know, but today I will be working in the fields.” Those are the words of an old country song. They express the truth of farming as a way of life. No matter how the harvest will turn out, whether or not there will be enough food to eat, in simply sowing seed and caring tenderly for plants under nature’s guidance there is joy.”

“I do not particularly like the word “work”. Human beings are the only animals who have to work, and I think this is the most ridiculous thing in the world. Other animals make their livings by living, but people work like crazy, thinking that they have to in order to stay alive. The bigger the job, the greater the challenge, the more wonderful they think it is. It would be good to give up that way of thinking and live an easy, comfortable life with plenty of free time. I think that the way animals live in the tropics, stepping outside in the morning and evening to see if there is something to eat, and taking a long nap in the afternoon, must be a wonderful life.”

“I do not belong to any religious group myself and will freely discuss my views with anyone at all. I do not care much for making distinctions among Christianity, Buddhism, Shinto, and the other religions, but it does intrigue me that people of deep religious conviction are attracted to my farm. I think this is because natural farming, unlike other types of farming, is based on a philosophy which penetrates beyond considerations of soil analysis, pH, and harvest yields.”

“Doctors take care of sick people; healthy people are cared for by nature. Instead of getting sick and then becoming absorbed in a natural diet to get well, one should live in a natural environment so that sickness does not appear.”

“This morning I am washing citrus storage boxes by the river. As I stoop on a flat rock, my hands feel the chill of the autumn river. The red leaves of the sumacs along the river bank stand out against the clear blue autumn sky. I am struck with wonder by the unexpected splendor of the branches against the sky.”

Fukuoka raamatu remake “One-Straw Revolutionary” (autor Larry Korn) ilmub 2015 september. Kindlasti ka väga huvitav.

Igatahes lähen nüüd õunu korjama, et teha õunamahla. Kanad munesid täna kõik, kuus head muna. Kitsed hakkavad piima andma kevadel. Kartulid, porgandid, kapsad, sibulad, küüslaugud, nuikapsad, suvikõrvitsad, oad jms on keldris. Ja järgmiseks aastaks saime nippe Fukuokalt, kindlasti katsetame. Elu ja loodus on põnevad.