Introduction to Async-Await in Javascript

Introduction to Async-Await in Javascript

Today I learned that Javascript has a special syntax for working with promises in a more comfortable fashion. It's the async and await which was originally introduced in C#. I am not an expert in Javascript but am quite excited to share the basics about async and await.

Async

async before a function means that the function always returns a promise. If the code has a non-promise return type then Javascript automatically wraps it into a resolved promise with that value.

Let's see how a normal promise looks in javascript.

var promise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
setTimeout(function() {
resolve('hello world');
}, 300);
});
promise.then(function(value) { 
console.log(value);
});
console.log(promise);

Here’s a simple example of a function with async keyword.

async function myFunc() {
return "Hello world"
}
myFunc().then(data => console.log(data))

Executing the above function gives the following result.

Executing the Async function

Read more about Async function here.

Await

await makes Javascript wait until that promise settles and returns its result. It can only be used inside an async function. The promise could either resolve or get rejected and accordingly the following happens:

  • The execution of the async function continues once the promise is resolved and the value of the await expression is that of the fulfilled promise.
  • If the promise is rejected, the await expression throws the rejected value.

Here’s an example of await in a function.

async function myFunc() {
let promise = new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
setTimeout(() => resolve("hello world!"), 1000)
});
let result = await promise;
console.log(result);
}
myFunc();

This is how the output looks:

Response for a function that uses await

Note: You cannot use await in a normal function. It can be used only in an async function.

Read more about Await keyword here.