All you need to Know about Hypomineralization in Children

Rose Mathis
Apr 5, 2017 · 5 min read

The defects of children teeth, particularly if it has got to with the problems of enamel are named as the hypomineralization. For instance, the incisors or the premolars can aggravate the potential abnormalities in other teeth as well. For some experts, it is a condition, which cannot be reversed due to the change in the enamel. This is why it is necessary that the problems should be identified in the early stage to avoid more damage. This also implies how important it is for the parents to take the kids to the dentist when they are growing up. For instance, Dentist Pacoima is one of the best options.

Of course, the teeth are developed in various stages and three mineralized stages are combined with the tissue to give it a proper shape, but the outer layer of the teeth enamel is most important, as it safeguards the teeth from further damage. This implies that if you have the tendency to develop the hypomineralization, the signs would be seen on the enamel or in the form of the changed colors. Moreover, the development of the child can be influenced, if you are not giving proper attention to the changes in the oral cavity of the child.

The mineralization stage of the enamel in the kids can often lead to the hypomineralization and the notion or irreversibility is associated with the condition because if the enamel has been formed or matured, the situation cannot be changed. One of the common appearances linked with the hypomineralization can be detected, if you see the brown or yellow color of the premolars or the incisors. Enamel hypoplasia is also a similar condition, in addition to fluorosis, non-Florida hypomineralization and so on and so forth.

Mains Characters of Hypomineralization

Though in general people may experience sensitivity in the teeth, especially if they have food or drinks of different temperatures, however, if your child complains of hypersensitivity, it could be a sign of this hypomineralisation. In some of the cases, the enamel surface can be hard or intact, in addition to pulpal inflammation; however, some of the children may feel breakage of the enamel, which is a sign that should not be ignored.

Main Causes

Most of the experts are not very clear when it comes to finding the main causes of the condition; however, there are some of the aspects that may help to understand it. For instance, the prenatal illness, the increased intake of antibiotics, problems with birth weight may trigger the hypomineralization tendency. In simple words, the teeth develop in two main stages. The first one is the set of the temporary teeth which are replaced with the permanent set. This means that if the two stages are not smoothly completed, the child may face problems or develop diseases associated with the abnormalities.

According to the experts, the growth of the teeth and the tendency of the diseases is determined genetically to an extent, which would mean that if one of the parents has some abnormality or potential to develop a condition, it can be passed on to the child as well. For example, if some of the health problems can change the pattern of enamel formation or overall health of the teeth. The tendency of the parents to smoke, deficiency of vitamin D and irresponsible use of medication or harmful product before the birth of the child can lead to hereditary diseases and the potential of the hypomineralization in many cases.

Options for the Treatment

Though it may be hard for the dentist to treat the condition, as the level of sensitivity may be higher than the normal cases, however, if the dentist is skilled enough or knows how to work with the kids, it may become relatively easy. The breakage of the restoration and less cooperation from the child can contribute to making the problem worse. This means that the anesthesia will have to be used in the best manner to make it easy for the dentist to operate on the teeth of children.

Direct Restoration

Composite resin is utilized to treat the abnormalities of the enamel; however, the scope of the treatment is limited to the target areas.

Full Restoration

If the defect of the premolars is in the stage which requires immediate action or if the problem is at the moderate level, the option of full restoration is recommended by the dentist. The main idea is to use the stainless steel crown to avoid the spread of damage in the tooth, in addition to managing the high level of sensitivity. In direct adhesive is another option preferred by the parents.

Preventive Process

The application of fluoride in the right amount can help to minimize the negative effects of the hypomineralization. Likewise, special toothpaste can be used to decrease the sensitivity of the teeth.


In other words, if your child has developed hypomineralization, the appearance of the teeth or smile can be affected, in addition to triggering the tendency to damage or decay the teeth. So, it is important for the parents to be very careful with the way children brush teeth and their food intake. Moreover, the proper consultation from the dentist will also help to detect the early signs of the condition, if you visit them on the regular basis. Furthermore, some of the toothpaste can also help to control the sensitivity or manage the tendency of the decay, especially if the children are careful about the oral hygiene.

To conclude, the dental issues can cause more problems if the patient is not an adult, for instance, kids are not very good at taking care of teeth or oral hygiene. Therefore, if your child has developed the hypomineralization or if he/she can in the future, it is good to remain vigilant in terms of going to the dentist on the monthly basis to prevent the condition or identify it in the early stage. Additionally, if the parent is careful and avoids taking things that may induce this condition in the children before the birth, the chances of hypomineralization can be reduced to a large degree.