Modern design began to appear in 1919 when Walter Gropius founded Bauhaus. Bauhaus was a school of art and was thought to be the most influential architecture, art and design establishment for educational purposes.
The Bauhaus, which is located in Dessau after having to relocate from Weimar, closed its doors in 1933 due to being under pressure from the Nazis because it was seen to be an “anti German” establishment.
During their time at the Bauhaus School, students gained knowledge on how to produce products using modern and innovative materials and fittings.
After Bauhaus closed, many of the teachers moved to other countries for example Hannes Meyer emigrated to Russia. Due to this, Bauhaus was viewed as a “movement promoting a social utopia” (Ideal Community).
Finally, another former Bauhaus teacher became famous for being the inventor of “less is more”. According to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, emphasising on open space and intentionally leaving the industrial materials on show. By doing this Mies van der Rohe has had a huge impact on defining modern architecture.
In conclusion, the Bauhaus school had a positive impact on modern design as it taught people all around the world that “less is more”. Some of the most famous architects and artists originate from the Bauhaus school.
More information about Bauhaus can be found at http://www.bauhaus-movement.com/en/
References & Links
Rethinking the world | The State Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius as a school of arts in Weimar in 1919. As the…www.bauhaus-movement.com
Mies: The Man, The Legacy Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969), a German-born architect and educator, is widely…www.miessociety.org