Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. collected in two areas of Benin

Guy Alain Alitonou, Philippe Sessou, Fidèle Paul Tchobo, Jean-Pierre Noudogbessi, Félicien Avlessi, Boniface Yehouenou, Chantal Menut, Pierre Villeneuve, Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue

Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée. Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin, 01 BP 2009 République du Benin

Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée. Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin, 01 BP 2009 République du Benin

Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie Montpellier, Institut des Biomolécules Max Mousseron, IBMM UMR 5247 CNRS-UM1-UM2, 8 rue de l’Ecole Normale, 34296, Montpellier cedex 5, France

Unité mixte de recherche ingénierie des agropolymères et technologies émergentes (IATE) CIRAD, INRA, UM II, Montpellier Supagro, Place Pierre Viala, Bat 31 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France

Key words: Chenopodium ambrosioides; essential oils; -terpinene; ascaridole; biological activities.

Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves of three samples of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) growing in Benin were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. To date the biological functions of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. essential oils have not been demonstrated scientifically. We investigated the chemical composition of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. essential oils and their antiradical antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities.

Twenty three compounds were identified and quantified in the oils. The essential oils are rich in hydrocarbons monoterpenic. The major compounds being -terpinene (48.8%, 60.0%, 63.7%), ascaridole (19.7%, 13.8%, 11.7%), p-cymene (19.1%, 15.4%, 19.0%) and isoascaridole (2.5%, 1.6%, 0.7%). The antiradical and anti-inflammatory.

Get the original articles in Source: Volume 2, Number 8, August 2012 — IJB

Published By: International Journal of Biosciences (IJB)

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