Fuel Injector Remanufacturing Process
Fuel injectors are, without question, one of the most significant components of an engine’s functionality. Injectors funnel gasoline into internal combustion engines, which then atomize the fuel through a nozzle at extremely high pressures in order to maximize the efficiency with which it diffuses through the system. Fuel injectors are not only highly efficient; they are also very environmentally friendly.
In addition to the atomizer system, many injectors come loaded with smoother, more consistent throttle transitions; and the ability to adjust the system according to extremes and drastic changes in temperature, atmospheric air pressure, and internal system changes. This allows fuel injectors and (by extension) vehicle engines to save fuel and deliver it on a basis of need.
Why Is Fuel Injector Remanufacturing So Important?
The integral and highly sustainable nature of fuel injectors in the automobile system means there is a high and steady demand for their production. As with any item in high demand, efficient and sustainable ways to meet the demand in question are invaluable. There are over 1.3 billion fuel injectors in the American aftermarket, and over 34 million of these are replaced on a yearly basis.
Utilizing remanufactured injectors for these replacements is a great way to keep your vehicle engine up to date in a cheaper, more ethical way. Fuel injectors cannot work at maximum efficiency forever, and it is good practice to replace them when it becomes apparent that your current ones need to be replaced.
In essence, replacing your injectors with remanufactured ones is in keeping with maintaining your engine in a conscientious manner.
What Is Fuel Injector Remanufacturing?
As the automobile industry expands rapidly around the world, so too does the demand for fuel injectors and for practical long-term ways to produce them at a reasonable pace.
Remanufacturing — the process of recycling automobile and injector parts in order to remake them into new and better ones — is one of the most popular ways to accomplish this goal. It is important to note that remanufacturing injectors is still a novelty in the automobile industry, and there still exists a noticeable absence of uniform national and global standards.
Two Important Distinctions
The remanufacturing procedure lies somewhere between reusing and recycling in the “three R’s” mantra. While reusing old parts is both financially and temporally the most affordable method, there is no real way to guarantee the soundness or reliability of the parts in question. On the other hand, a complete recycling process would mean dispensing with the aforementioned used parts and molding them back into raw material before recreating them into the new injector and engine parts.
The specific process of remanufacturing, then, is somewhat of a compromise between these two different operations, by both keeping the original materials and saving a great deal more energy and guaranteeing a level of reliability that cannot be assured through a simple reusing procedure.
Another significant difference to keep in mind is the difference between refurbishing and remanufacturing. Fuel injectors that are refurbished are generally cheaper because they have essentially been taken out of vehicle engines, thoroughly cleaned inside and out, and then re-tested to make sure that they operate correctly and safely.
Remanufactured injectors, on the other hand, have been totally taken apart, and then rebuilt by utilizing new parts, and these new parts are recreated from old ones.
The Remanufacturing Process: How It Works
It is one thing to read and research on the multitude of benefits of remanufacturing and its numerous distinctions from other methods of rebuilding injectors, but what exactly does the process itself entail?
The first step is a twofold removal: first, of course, being the removal of the fuel injector itself from the vehicle’s engine. The second being the removal of all grease, carbon deposits, and general dirt and gunk from both inside and outside of the injector’s main body. This prepares the injector for an easier and much cleaner disassemblement of its parts.
Testing of Coil Resistance and Parts Replacement
Next up is testing coil (or ohm) resistance for extreme lows and highs. You should then promptly replace every O-ring, as well as all filter baskets, ruined pintles, and other outer components.
The Final Touches, the Reassembling, and the Safety Testing
Following the removal, cleaning, and replacement steps, you should flush back the fuel injector to ensure the complete elimination of all deposits and dirt that may not have been entirely cleaned out in the initial cleansing stages.
After the final check-up cleanings, the injector is pieced back together. The external surfaces of the injector are then bead blasted, followed by a thorough polishing, a spray paint of clear, protective coating, and — finally — some internal lubrication to ensure as smooth of a movement as possible for the gasoline.
Once this new layer is completely dried, the newly remanufactured fuel injector is at last ready to be tested. You should make sure that each part of the injector is safe from leaks and drastic changes in resistance, as well as packed with a consistent flow rate and pattern of spraying inside the nozzle.
There are two separate parts to the flow test: the static flow rate test and the dynamic flow rate test.
According to Fuel Injector Clinic, the static flow of an injector — also referred to as the “design flow” — is the industrial standard of the flow rate of the gasoline as measured by companies that solely test injector functionality in an “always open” or static state.
Dynamic flow, on the other hand, is a mathematical determination of the length, width, and pulse of the gasoline as the injector tries to hit the ideal air-fuel ratio (AFR). The dynamic flow calculation generally provides a much more accurate reading.
This is usually done by reattaching the injector to the vehicle engine and allowing it to run. You want to ascertain that your fuel injector fully follows the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) standards.
Your automobile’s fuel injector is one of the most dynamic yet integral parts of your vehicle’s smooth and functional operation. Whether you are looking for or working with a full set of fuel injectors, a smaller but complete set, or even just one injector, purchasing or constructing your own remanufactured injectors is the key to improving your car’s efficiency and gas mileage, all while doing your part in contributing to industrial and environmental sustainability.