Science of Baggo

Baggo is well known for its simplicity and ease of gameplay, but there is more to the game than just tossing the bag into the hole. The ultimate goal of the game is to be the first to score 21 points or 11 uncontested points.

Many things contribute to how well you play the game, and, if you play the game well, you may just find yourself becoming a Baggo champion. Consider these factors next time you are challenged to a game of Baggo:


A good toss starts with a strong stance. Like many other games of physical skill, a good follow-through and form are dependent on how you choose to stand. In Baggo, you can select one of two stances: standing or stride.

A stationary stance means planting your feet firmly alongside the board and making your toss from there. If you choose a stride, you can move forward as far as the front edge of the board, but going forward any further is considered a foot foul.

Main Hold

Once you have established what stance works best for you, there are many options on how to hold the bag for a better toss. Like the stance, the hold is based purely on personal preference.

One of the most popular holds is called the Chicago fold. First hold the bag by one corner and let the filling inside sink to the bottom. Fold the bag in half from opposite diagonal corners, and then fold it in half a second time. Take your stance and toss the bag.

Secondary Hold

In addition, to the Chicago fold, there are many other options to help increase your skill at playing Baggo. The Sacramento Sling and Frisco Fling begin with a similar first step to the Chicago fold that requires you to use two fingers to pinch one corner (for the sling), or the center of the bag (for the fling). Let the filling fill the bottom of the bag and toss underhand.

Paducah Pancake and The Wad

The Paducah Pancake is a simple toss where you smooth the bag out, let the filling remain evenly distributed, and toss underhand. A variation on the Paducah Pancake is the Half Paducah Pancake, which is the same, but folded in half once.

The last hold is also the easiest. The Wad is a hold that requires you to gather the bag into your hand and just toss!

The Toss

If you are familiar with the techniques used in golf or bowling, you surely know the significance of a good follow through. Stance and hold can only get you so far, but the toss is what makes a shot worth 3 points, or none.

For an ideal toss, the wrist needs to be straight, not stiff. You must lock onto your target with your eyes and keep track of it at all times. Align your arm with the target to ensure a steady shot.

The science behind the shot is not always something you can help, but it is better to know your approach to try and mimic it. You want the arc of the shot to be around 8 or 9 feet falling toward the game board close to a 45 degrees angle. Keep in mind how you may need to adjust the toss, based on the wind, if playing the game outdoors.


To gain more control of your toss, be sure to add spin to the bag. This is an element that takes longer to master, especially if you prefer a folded hold, but it can be worthwhile if you intend to sink your bag into the hole throughout the game.


If there is one thing you do not want for your toss, it is a bounce after impact. If your bag bounces, it will most likely not meet the mark you intended, so, to deter this from happening, you must take special precautions to make sure the bag lands at an angle and not flat.

Offensive Shots

Along with creating your personal method of sinking the bag, you must consider how your opponent may play their hand, and how your hand may lay on the game board.

Four shots are primarily used by the masters of Baggo to control and maneuver the game in their favor. The slider is when you land the bag about six inches in front of the hole and let it slide in.

The airmail shot is simply sending your bag directly into the hole of the game board. This shot is tough to master, but very effective in gameplay.

Defensive Shots

Along with offensive Baggo shots are defensive shots that can be used to prevent your opponent from scoring points. A push can mean either nudging your bag into the hole with another bag or nudging an opponent’s bag into the hole with your bag to cancel out the points.

The blocker is another defensive move that requires you to drop your bag in front of the game board’s hole to prevent your opponent from performing a slider.


The old saying goes, “practice makes perfect,” and, in this case, practice is the most important piece of Baggo strategy. The key to having a great Baggo game is as simple as taking out your game board and tossing the bags until you can master the shots.

Being well prepared before a match can make all the difference when going head to head with a worthy opponent.

State of Mind

Above all else, no level of skill or preparation can be put into effect properly without a sound state of mind. It is important to get comfortable with how you play and apply that to every game.

Instead of aiming always to hit the hole, it is more effective to try to land a slide.

After applying your skills time and time again, the only obstacle preventing you from a win may be the desire to beat your opponent. Remember to take on every game with a calm attitude and cast off any pressure you may give yourself, to just play your game to the best of your ability.

The science behind a game of Baggo is not a complicated one, but it will take much willpower and a strong determination. Applying different moves and methods will allow you to tailor your game and create the perfect balance of strength, skill, and strategy you need to win the game.