Check for Abnormalities with Fetal Chromosome Testing
Throughout your pregnancy, your doctor will suggest and perform several tests that will keep you updated on the health of you baby and will detect any chromosomal abnormalities. Finding any defects or variations early on in your pregnancy allows you the time and resources to make informed decisions about your baby. Fetal chromosome testing can ease any anxieties you may be having and give you a reliable outlook of your baby’s genetic health.
What is a Chromosomal Abnormality
A chromosome is the structure that holds your jeans and are located inside your cells. It is normal for humans to have 47 chromosomes; 23 inherited from your mother and 23 inherited from your father. A chromosomal abnormality, which usually occurs during cell division, is when there is a missing chromosome, an extra chromosome or a missing piece of a chromosome.
An abnormality could lead to a chromosome disorder which could affect your child’s physical and emotional development.
How to Determine if your Child will Have a Chromosomal Abnormality?
Fortunately, if you are worried about whether your child could be born with a genetic disorder, fetal chromosome testing is available to help ease your anxieties. These tests, which usually sample blood, can help parents and their doctors determine the risk their child faces of being born with a chromosomal abnormality. Besides discomfort from the blood draw, most fetal chromosome testing can be done without any risk to the baby or mother.
Most Common Disorders due to Chromosomal Abnormality
Here are some the disorders fetal chromosome testing looks for:
Down Syndrome — Normally due to an extra copy of chromosome 21, babies born with Down syndrome experience physical and mental development delays. Every year in India, more than 23,000 babies are born with the disorder — making it the highest rate in the world.
Edward Syndrome — Also known as Trisomy 18 syndrome, Edward’s Syndrome is caused by an error during cell division. The results are three copies of chromosome 18 instead of two. Children born with this disorder will likely have a congenital heart defect or problems with other organs.
Patau Syndrome — Patau syndrome, which is also referred to as Trisomy 3 Syndrome, occurs in approximately 1 and 21,00 live births. It is a result of three copies of the chromosome 13 instead of two. This disorder can cause multiple or complex organ defects.