From January 2017- December 2018, Finland conducted the world’s first large-scale experiment to test the effects of Universal Basic Income. They paid 2000 randomly selected unemployed people an unconditional income of 560 euros to measure a wide range of effects on unemployment. However, the results of this experiment sparked extremely polarized opinions on its success.

What were the results?

Much of the statistics derived from this experiment made it difficult for the researchers to draw any conclusive data. For one, the participants who received the basic income reported higher levels of satisfaction and happiness than the control group, even though this was not the original intent of the researchers involved. All in all, the recipients of basic income had a better perception of their economic and financial well-being and displayed greater confidence, and feelings of autonomy. …

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Those born between 1996–2010, nicknamed Generation Z (Gen Z), were slated to inherit a stable economy with strong job prospects. However, Covid-19 rapidly toppled the global economy with an unprecedented recession, and Gen Z is going to bear the brunt of this. IMF (International Monetary Fund) predicts the world economy will shrink by 4.9% this year, far greater than the 1930s Great Recession. Many nations such as United States, United Kingdom, Japan etc. are already documenting record-level drops in their GDP.

With an increasingly shrinking number of job prospects, it’s no wonder the armada of new-age teenagers are armed with fatalistic humour and cynical sarcasm. On top of this; the botched A-level exam results that came out in early August have dashed educational prospects for many teenagers. …

The fast fashion industry has become a multi-billion dollar industry by releasing products and clothing collections at break-neck speed. Their affordability, and trendy clothing has built them a large, global consumer base. But recently, public outcry over Kylie Cosmetics not paying their Bangladeshi garment workers arose. And along with this, many questions have been raised as well over the ethicality of fashion brands. Let’s delve inside the dirty secrets this industry has kept from us.

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The fast fashion industry has built its empire on the blood and bones of many impoverished children and women. Who are paid less than 2% of the profits that are earned by these brands, according to a report by Oxfam. And, numerous well-known fashion brands are complicit in this exploitation. …

If doctors are human, why are they not given human rights?

The rhetoric surrounding the medical profession is one which professes the highest respect to these essential workers. However, due attention is never paid to the sort of hellish environments and human right abuses healthcare professionals undergo. Because being essential workers of society, they are expected to forgo their personal well-being for public good and their patients. Particularly from a utilitarian perspective, that is exactly what is expected from doctors.

I will attempt to address the numerous abuses and violations faced by doctors. As well as the ethical debate surrounding the legality of doctors going on strike. …

We are living in times of great flux and disorder. World economies and political bodies are seeing a collapse in the systems they placed their beliefs in. It is arrogance that has assured humanity that the systems we have erected will last for an eternity, that they will withstand calamities. Today we witness the failure of the political and economic artifices, brought by a micro-organism. But what comes after the chaos? Will we emerge with new ideals and newfound principles to guide the future forward, or will we stubbornly adhere to what we have always known? What will the world look like post-coronavirus?

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Who are social entrepreneurs?

Social entrepreneurs are starkly different from other social organizations such as NPO’s (Non-profit organisations) and NGO’s (Non-government organisations). They are the answer to the market failures of late-capitalist economies which have generated externalities resulting in climate change, pollution, and wealth inequality. They are the answer to the failure of governments to cater to social, cultural and economic issues faced by local communities and individuals.

Social entrepreneurs are an anomaly in a world where traditional business models are defined as profit-seeking and to avail their goods and services, the exchange of money is required. That’s not to say social entrepreneurs do not seek profits; they do, but they use those profits to generate social value, and implement solutions to issues faced by low-income groups in society. They are more revolutionary than charity organizations; who uphold the social hierarchy and do not provide a long-lasting impact. …

The most important environmental milestone of the 21st century came in the form of the 2015 Paris Agreement; the first international framework of its kind that acknowledges the urgent threat of climate change after the Kyoto Protocol. However, while the Paris Agreement highlights the importance of mitigating the effects of greenhouse gases; no such framework exists for the effects of water pollution, and more importantly, oil spills and leakages.

The urgency of the threat

Some Statistics:

Oil leakages and spills are environmental disasters that usually go under-reported, and the general public remains unaware of the immense frequency these accidents occur. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, 1.3 million gallons (4.9 million liters) of petroleum are spilled into U.S. waters from vessels and pipelines in a typical year. A major oil spill could easily double that amount. Between 1971 and 2000, the U.S. Coast Guard identified more than 250,000 oil spills in U.S. waters, according to a 2002 report from the U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service. Approximately 1.7 billion gallons (6.4 billion liters) of oil were lost as a result of tanker incidents from 1970 to 2009, according to International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited, a data collection body for oil spills from tankers and other sources. …


Mehreen Tariq Ghani

Aspiring writer, poet and revolutionary. Follow for content that deconstructs the issues we face and talks about realistic solutions.

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