What is Federalism?

Federalism is a political system which essentially forms two levels of governments, one subordinate to the other, with assigned powers, methods of procedure etc. and its functioning ranging to various social, political, economic, and cultural spheres. It is a single constitution mechanism through which political order is preserved in a nation “state”, with the division of powers between the levels of government: local, state and centre. In a federal state, the central polity exercises autonomy over the geographical sub-divisions of that very polity. In a simpler sense, the difference between the two or three levels of government…


India. A nation housing a population of 1.3 billion, speaking more than 1600 languages, practising more than 7 major religions, all while living under one common name- Indian. This is the level of diversity in India and this diversity forms one of the very features that defines India- Unity in Diversity. However, to think that despite this overwhelming diversity, there would be no cases of friction between the multiple races, castes, religious groups etc. would be impractical. …


Religion. A socio-cultural system of designated behaviours and practices, morals, worldviews, ethics etc. that relates humanity to supernatural, spiritual and transcendental elements. In simpler terms, it is the belief in worship of a “superhuman” controlling power, especially a “God” or even “Gods”. Religion is a by-product of human belief and the fact why it is so different and has so many forms is because beliefs are like trees. The core of belief of whatever kind, is similar for all kinds, the foundation is the same but it is built upon differently by different individuals and hence the concept of “belief”…


Due to the scope of this question, this essay shall focus mostly on England, as the first beneficiary of sustained economic growth.

According to the Business Dictionary, economic growth can be defined as an “increase in a country’s productive capacity” (Business Dictionary). It is caused either by an increase in the quantity or quality of the factors of production (land, labour, capital, entrepreneurship). This essay contends that institutional change was the vehicle of economic growth, and will adopt the framework of ‘inclusive’ and ‘extractive’ political institutions provided in Acemoglu and Robinson’s ‘Why Nations Fail’ to clearly explain this argument. Whilst…


The topic at hand questions one of the most fundamental concepts which throughout the history of political discourse has been answered by various philosophers, thinkers, each augmenting its definition with their knowledge and beliefs. Some have defined the concept of “state” as a system that holds its true essence in power or welfare, others have defined it as a class system, or an organization that transcends all notions of class altogether. But, to date, we have not reached one definitive definition of this concept which is why I believe that the key to effectively answer this question lies in the…


Belief. What is a belief? Linguistically- it is a noun meaning- trust, faith or confidence in someone or something. Similarly, belief system means- a set of mutually supported beliefs which could be classified as Religious, Political, Philosophical, and Ideological to name a few. Today in the 21st century, every single person has a strong set of beliefs which could be because of one’s religious orientation or a person’s family values or a person’s political opinion. My question today is aimed at how our belief in a certain ideology, in turn, colors our belief towards certain co-related or co-dependent beliefs in…

Eeshan Y. Mehrotra

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