Updated Annotated Bibliography

Women’s role within 3rd World Countries and Culture Annotated Bibliography

Benería, L., & Sen, G.. (1981). Accumulation, Reproduction, and “Women’s Role in Economic Development”: Boserup Revisited. Signs, 7(2), 279–298.Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3173878

In this brief analysis, Beneria and Sen analyze the different perspectives of a woman’s role among Economic Development. They both argue that the specific role of women had been ignored particularly on how development affects women’s position in societies. Based on this theory, they expanded their analysis and argued a genders basic factor in the division of labor across countries and regions. They both analyzed how it is a women’s role in regards to labor changes from country to country, such as Africa and Asia to other Asian countries and Latin America. This analysis distinguished different factors between the comparison of the female and male gender by looking into the labor market. They then analyzed the difference within women in Africa from women in Latin America. Women in africa were mostly left alone with their children while men migrated whereas women in Latin America participated less in farming causing more female migration, leading to employment opportunities for young woman in urban cities. With this said, the article/book briefly describes all the issues I want stated in my writing.The article provides different perspectives and background information in which supports all of my claims and provides my writing credibility. Therefore, the book/article is perfect and using it as a source allows me to expand on my writing with more evidence and support.

Dankelman, I., & Davidson, J. (1988). Women and environment in the Third World: Alliance for the future. London: Earthscan Pub. in association with IUCN.

This book analyses the suffering many women within Third World countries face daily to care for their families and themselves. The book clearly gives statistics and aquadet data to prove how much these women depend on their land for labor and food. The book describes how many hours women work as to men and how they are neglected by the government and international agencies. The author gives specific evidence on how it is women are ignored within society and how slowly they are trying to change that. She gives specific examples on how it is women are becoming victims of environmental crisis. Overall the author is just trying to convey the inequality within women in the labor force and how it is things can be changed in the future.

Elson, D., & Pearson, R. (1981). ‘Nimble Fingers Make Cheap Workers’: An Analysis of Women’s Employment in Third World Export Manufacturing. Feminist Review, (7), 87. doi:10.2307/1394761

This book conveys the importance of what it is women within Third World countries do in regards to labor and how they are treated poorly within those countries. As the book stated, Most women work in ‘world market factories’ producing for rich countries and yet get very little pay. Overall the book gives specific data when it comes to the lack of job opportunities provided by these international development agencies. The book gives specific claims in regards to the injustice in the labor market and the inequality within Third World trade and how it impacts those factory jobs.

Mies, M. (1986). Patriarchy and accumulation on a world scale: Women in the international division of labour. London: Zed Books.

In this analysis, Feminist Maria Mies came to question the role of a women when it comes to labor, and culture. She and her classmates came up with a slogan saying ‘Culture divides us. Struggle unites us,’ and her analysis gives a brief explanation of what that slogan actually means. Mies and other feminist women such as Claudia Von Werlhof and Veronika Bennholdt-Thomsen all working women from Third World countries, wanted to know why it is women’s housework doesn’t fall under capitalism. They came to several conclusions of the obvious dominance relationship between the genders based on the history of exploitation and oppression, however they took into account that patriarchy has a lot to do with how a woman’s role is seen. Overall her book continues to give brief explanations and answers to all her questions and how it is women from Third World Countries fall under different cultures, and circumstances but somehow share this same role of being less than the male gender. All her claims are extremely helpful and supportive to my writing, and gives my claims credibility.

Nash, J. C., & Fernández-Kelly, M. P. (1983). Women, men, and the international division of labor. Albany: State University of New York Press.

This book analyzes the different scenarios to why it is women are treated unequally within third world countries. Most of the books above argue the same thing in different ways, this book however gives opposing arguments stating that there is so much more to it than gender. The author gives specific examples such as integration within the labor market and the amount of change between less developed countries and industrialized countries. The book itself proves that all of this creates a culture within itself and that is what impacts the way a woman’s role is viewed because it is women in whom work in that environment not men. It is also argued that these inequalities aren’t just based on gender but they are based on age, ethnicity, experience and so on. With that said, the book itself is very helpful because it provided opposing arguments in which makes my writing stronger.

Rosaldo, M. Z., Lamphere, L., & Bamberger, J. (1974). Woman, culture, and society: Edited by michelle zimbalist rosaldo and louise samphere. Contributors — joan bamberger. Stanford,Ca: Stanford University Press.

The author of this book, has started off by stating that women have to learn to be women in their own society, women have accepted the constraining image of themselves and in order for things to change one should be more aware. The author goes about by presenting the relations of culture and how people have allowed culture’s bias in treating women as invisible and as just the activities and interest of men. The authors position definitely helps my writing process and supports a lot of my claims. I like how the author goes into detail on how a women is viewed however she puts a lot of fault into women themselves in which gives me a different perspective compared to my other articles which is very helpful. Being able to use a different point of view will only make my writing more interesting and credible rather than just having to repeat things over and over.

Wiesner, M. E. (1993). Women and gender in early modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Merry E. Wiesner goes straight into the different ways men and women are depicted. She mentions that men gain status and authority until old age,but women are seen as virgins, wives, widows, daughters, or mothers practically their whole lives. Wiesner goes into depth in how a life of a modern European women is planned out whether by choice of a spouse, themselves, their parents, or a larger group, in which gives me enough evidence supporting some of my claims. I like how the author talks about the past, and the old days because it gives me enough background information to incorporate into my writing giving me more credibility. She incorporates the different beliefs in which got women to where they are now, and how it is Jewish, German, and English wives differed, in which is exactly what I am looking for.