Visual Thinking & Graphic Discoveries

by Michael Friendly & Howard Wainer

This article started out as an addendum to a chapter in our book, Data Visualization: A History of Visual Thinking and Graphic Communication (Friendly & Wainer, 2020). In this we claimed that much of the history of data visualization could be seen as combination of three forces: (1) important scientific problems of the day, (2) a developing abundance of data, and (3) the cognitive ability of some heroes in this history to conceive solutions to problems by visual imagination.