Is It Right Or Wrong? Does It Matter Anymore.
Friedrich Nietzsche book On The Genealogy of Morality takes a interesting turn on what is mean to be “guilty” and having “bad conscience”. Nietzsche goes into the origin of the words itself and relates it our ancestors. He explains how the word themselves stay intact, but the meaning to them get changed over time. While reading his essay one would think about what he is saying and religion they both go hand and hand. Jesus sacrifice himself for our sins and the bible established the ground work for what we call are morals with the Ten Commandments. Although, when science came into the picture everything changed on how and what we believed in. Today in the 21st century we are slowly, but surely tipping the scale from a religious population to a more humane society. We will go over what Nietzsche is saying and how science is adapting our culture to be more free willed and conscience aware beings.
Guilt and Conscience
When we think of guilt the only thing we can picture is accountability and responsibility. Nietzsche gives an example of guilt with a person in debt and punishment to that person for not owing the payment. Also, the meaning behind the word punishment is different now from back then. Our old ancestors used punishment to be cheerful, for example, sacrificing an animal or human beings to the god because of rain or some kind of miracle that happen it is them being thankful. Nietzsche saw this as cheerful. Today we see this as “sad” and feel resentful, but nevertheless guilty for those actions. However, when we drive into these types of feelings our own conscience comes into play. This however will come out differently for every individual because my morals are different from yours. That being said, if I hit my child and I associate that with “You did this wrong and this is why I am punishing you” we do not feel guilt. But instead we should be thinking like this “I shouldn’t be doing this to my kid there is another way”. Nietzsche points out that we got our morals all mixed up and we pick and choose how we feel about certain moral ideas. We are not consistent.
God and Science
You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you Matthew 5:43
Without a doubt we all at one point reference the bible in our life. Some say that our internal morals comes from the bible since we were born. Others say it is in good nature to love everyone and cause no harm to no one without the help of any religion. Nietzsche talking about morality along with guilt and conscience and what is the origin of it with the historical outcomes of it. We now talk about god and the ten commandments compared to morals, but science has an easy solution to this whole debate. Science is consistently based on trial and error. Proof or no proof. There or not there. As going through life with science one can safely conclude that the way something “is” does not mean that is the way it “ought” to be. The right or wrong is taken out of the equation and be just as it is. You do things like this with A given reasons and someone else does something for B reasons. Trial and error for what works and does not work in society. You are not seen as your doing it wrong because your different than me. Everything is situational for any given individual. As the 21st century continues more and more people are thinking this way. A perfect example is Gill Pharaoh who performed doctor’s assisted suicide in Switzerland at age 75 who is very healthy and it was her choice to do this. Lastly, many people would think this as wrong or unlawful, but in a society we could live in this kind of act/s could be liberating instead of morally wrong.