From the Internet of Things to the Intelligence in Everything
“99% of everything we make will connect to the internet”
A short introduction to IOT
The Internet of Things or IoT is a concept that has been emerging for approximately 10 years after the, “Boom of the internet”, at that time the Internet was brand new and it took only a decade until most households were equipped with their first personal computer.
That a second process has totally changed the way we were working producing and analysis in our working environment. We were creating data through Internet by navigating on it but only few visionary saw what was coming next. Lots of the experts in digital agree to say that the first stage of Internet was data created by human and the upcoming stages was going to be data created by things.
Indeed the rise of “Broadband Internet” has permitted the trivialisation of Internet and today it is almost an indispensable for every single home to be connected to broadband. The “trivialisation” of Internet and the Wi-Fi availability has produced a decrease in the cost of Internet. All these elements are the atmospheric conditions for the IoT to introduce itself in our technologic environment and take off.
The IoT processes has been as well greatly encouraged by the spread of sensor embedded systems, in addition to the wireless technologies and the smartphone’s devices flooding on the market. The Internet has clearly set itself to its core roots, the foundations for the IoT to develop itself within society.
This leads us to ask ourselves what is the IoT?
The internet of things can be define as a process, where the broadband internet expansion has permitted the advent of an “Ultra-connected” world, by creating integrated radio-frequency identification (RFID) or more commonly called wireless Wi-Fi based systems object able to be interconnected to each other, collecting treating data and improve Human daily life.
Kevin Ashton, the famous digital specialist is the first person who used the term “Internet of Things” during a presentation in 1999 while working for Auto-ID Labs. He was pointing at the emergence of a global network (internet) and objects linked to each other through the RFID system of communication. Only 10 years after the Internet reached our homes, Ashton had already clearly evaluated the potential of IoT and it’s future expansion.
“If we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things — using data they gathered without any help from us — we would be able to track and count everything, and greatly reduce waste, loss and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling, and whether they were fresh or past their best. We need to empower computers with their own means of gathering information, so they can see, hear and smell the world for themselves, in all its random glory. RFID and sensor technology enable computers to observe, identify and understand the world — without the limitations of human-entered data.”
The “robotization”, the “automation” of our systems in parallel to the creation of smart connected objects is today touching every layer of the society and revolutionizing all the industries. Since the 90s we saw appearing on the market numerous connected objects such as phones (iPhones), watches (Apple watch), fitness and sport devices (Lark, Jawbone), house connected object (Nest, Kwikset, Chamberlain), sensors application (T ware, Lumo, Nettamo), smart cars (Google car), smart transportation (MytransportSG app, Singapore city / Qualcomm Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Technology), smart kitchen equipment (Belkin, iGrill) , smart multimedia device (Parrot, Dropcam), smart healthcare objects (Withings).
Is it something totally new? What that is represent today?
The object connectivity phenomenon is not recent. Although it takes it origin from the Internet Boom it didn’t take long to the Internet to inspire creative individuals, actually John Romkey has invented the first connected object in 1990. He created the first connected toaster which could be switched on and off through a network at the INTEROP conference.
Starting with the accelemeter of iphone that analyses every movement you do night and day comparing the data with millions of users, driverless cars, green transportation, smart house equipement: microwave, fridge, wachingmachine, energy exploitation system, to the health-fitness-sport applications there isn’t more than ever no doubt about the fact that IoT is copied and pasted in everything. The Iot has been virally met all the sectors of our global economy to reach a point where in the coming years “99 % of everything we will create will be connected to internet and interconnected”.
It is quite a hard task to evaluate the total number of connected objects that are existing, depending what is taken into account, but also looking at how fast the industry is growing. According to the Gartner Inc., IDC cabinet we count today in 2016 already an amount of 22.9 millions connected objects, it is expected for this number to reach almost 30 millions unit in 2020. Based on Sastitita and MobileFuture.Org market forecasts the numbers could even to double in only 4 years reaching 50 millions unit in 2020.
The Internet of Thing today and tomorrow market snapshot
Today the IoT or the global connected devices revenue represent $200 Billion in the global economy. It is expected to bring $1.7 trillion in added value to the global economy in 2019 (business insider). @Cisco has predicted that the Global IoT market will represent $14.4T by 2022. The total connected devices shipments is constantly increasing of 60% since 2015. The compagnies and the enterprise sector will be where the IoT will be most significantly growing with 45% of the shipments.
From the Human to Machine to Machine to Machine (H2M and M2M)
Kevin Ashton is a true visionnary because in his IoT definition from 1999 he had cleary defined what were going to be next 2 stages that was going to know the world after the internet was created. The first part of his definition from “If we had computers” to “fresh or past their best” clearly highlight this 2 first stages explains in the 2 following paragraphs.
The first stage (90’s to 00’s) was an educational or informing process when humans firstly used the internet and computers. We had to educate the computer systems by repertoring all the information present in the real world. That stage consisted in the virtual translation of our world into one big whole or global set of information based system. The internet data base has been feed by the internet users who by creating websites, videos, apps, more generaly what we call web content or user generated content. These process has permitted to create a virtual bible or encyclopedia of data or knowledge. We were in a Human to Machine relation.
Then started the edge of the Internet of Thing or the Ultraconnected world (00’s to 30’s) when many connected object have started to emerge on our markets and multiplied themselves by bunching creativtity crossing all the different industrial sectors one by one. This processus is about making machine communicate to each to extend where everysingle thing we will possess will be able to gather data connect and exchange this data with other objects. We can call this period as the digital age where we will have connected object for everysingle thing we will do during the day. This period can be illustrated by a Machine to Machine (M2M) relation. Our world will tend to a Massive connected object technologic environement organization where everybody will possess and use at least 10 connected objects everyday. We have one foot in a future when we will be oversaturated of connected objects.
Are the integrated Artificial Intelligence the next step?
After the edge of IoT where connected objects are multiplying themselves we will enter a phase (from the 30’s to the 50’s) where we will be seeking for solutions in order to concentrate all these objects into one main device that will be able to connect with everything car, house, house equipment etc… We can easely imagine a watch/phone use as a key to use all the devices on earth.
Thanks to the Ambient Intelligence the machines are going to perform actions in our life. The Ambient Intelligence refers to electronic environments that are sensitive and responsive to the presence of people. The Ambient intelligence is a vision on the future of consumer electronics, telecommunications and computing that was originally developed in the late 1990s for the time frame 2010–2020.
While this concentration will operates the major change of our 21 century will be the implementation of Artificial Intelligence into connected objects. The third stage of the evolution as K. Ashton whisper it in the second part of his definition of IOT (from we need to empower to the end of the definition) will be to insert artificial in all the object that are surrounding human today.
What is an Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines. In computer science, an ideal “intelligent” machine is a flexible rational agent that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at an arbitrary goal.
In around 20 years from today integrated Artificial Intelligence will be everywhere. We will enter in a world where Machines are going to be totally part of our life and serve us as “Angel Guardians”. The relation between Human and Machines will be revers from a Human to Machine relationship, then a Machine to Machine relation to a Machine to Human relationship. In the future we will have one unique AI in all object. That AI will be like a virtual friend that will follow us everywhere in everything we are doing. This virtual Intelligence will take serious action into our dayly lifes by educating us, protect us, advice us, and warn us of anydanger. That Intelligent system will be able to tell us when to eat, when we are sick, warn us about food, poisoned plants, dangerous persons. The machine will be all connecting to each each and gathering all the knowledge available on earth and use in order to protect human from themselves and the outside world.
IoT: number of connected devices worldwide 2012–20220 www.statista.com